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Car/Pul Unit 7 & 8

SPC Cardiopulmonary Physiology Unit 7 & 8 Acid-Base Causes

QuestionAnswer
Causes of Respiratory Acidosis: CNS Depression 1. Anesthesia 2. Sedative Drugs 3. Narcotic Analgesics
Causes of Respiratory Acidosis: Neuromuscular Disease 1. Poliomyeltis 2. Myasthenia Gravis 3. Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Causes of Respiratory Acidosis: Severe Restrictive Disorders 1. Obesity 2. Kyphoscoliosis
Causes of Respiratory Acidosis: COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Causes of Respiratory Alkalosis: 1. Ankiety 2. Fever 3. Stimulant Drugs 4. Pain 5. Hypobarism (High Altitude) 6. Acute Asthma 7. Stimulation of "J" Receptor 8. Pulmonary Vascular Disease 9. Iatrogenic Hyperventilation
Causes of Metabolic Acidosis: Loss of Base 1. Diarrhea 2. Renal Tubular Acidosis 3. Chloride Administration
Causes of Metabolic Acidosis: Gain of Acid 1. Diabetic Ketoacidosis 2. Alcoholic Ketoacidosis 3. Lactic Acidosis
Causes of Metabolic Acidosis: Drug/Chemical Induced 1. Salicylate Intoxication
Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis: Increase in Base 1. Admin/Ingest of HCO3 2. Hypochloremia 3. Diuretic Therapy
Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis: Loss of Fixed Acid 1. Severe Vomiting 2. Nasogastric Suction 3. Corticosteroids
Created by: Langhout1418