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adv pos q 6 for mid

advanced positioning midterm quiz 6

QuestionAnswer
Angiography the radiographic study of vascular structures after the introduction of contrast
Arteriography radiologic examination of the arteries via contrast injection
Arterioslerotic pathologic condition characteristic of thickening and hardening of arterial walls, leading to general loss of elasticity.
Arteriovenous malformation abnormal anastomosis or communication between an artery and vein.
Guidewire tightly wound metallic wire over which angiographic catheters are placed
Ischemic indicative of local decrease in blood supply to myocardial tissue associated with temporary obstruction
Portal circulation system of vessels carrying blood from organs of digestion to the liver
Venography radiographic examination of veins via contrast injection
Stenosis narrowing of a vessel
Occlusion blockage of a vessel
Contrast media used for angiographic studies opaque contrast containing organic iodine solutions
What is done for patients with predisposition to a severe reaction to contrast? CO2 is used
What contrast is primarily used for MRI? gadolinium
Explain the Seldinger method both walls of the vessel are pierced, the needle is retracted, guidewire is inserted and traction is held while the needle is removed and replaced with the catheter.
What form of anesthesia is used for catheterization? local
The entire program for cerebral angiography takes how long? 7-10 seconds
What is the injection rate for cerebral angiography? 5-9mL/sec for 1-2 sec
What is the most definitive procedure for visualizing the coronary anatomy? coronary angiography?
Complications for cardiac cath: vasovagal reaction, stroke, heart attack, death, bleeding at puncture site, nerve, vessel or tissue damage, allergic reaction.
Purpose for pulmonary arteriography evaluation of pulmonary embolic disease
Vessels demonstrated during pulmonary arteriography include: pulmonary arteries, R atrium, L ventricle, Thoracic aorta
Purpose for cerebral angiography investigate intracranial vascular lesions (aneurism, AVM, tumor, atherosclerosis, stenosis)
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty therapeutic procedure used to dilate or reopen stenotic or occluded area of a vessel
Balloon angioplasty is used to: dilate strictures in venous structures, ureters and GI tract.
Indications for cardiac cath obstructive coronary artery disease, thrombus formation, coronary artery collateral flow, coronary anomalities, aneurisms, spasms, artery size.
Most common catheter introduction site for cardiac cath: femoral artery
Secondary catheter introduction site for cardiac cath: radial, brachial, axillary, jugular, subclavian
General indications for cardiac cath: identify anatomic and physiologic conditions of the heart
Created by: annaluz87