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Cells Test

TermDefinition
Gametes the reproductive cells; eggs and sperm- Haploid
Haploid a single set of chromosomes (HALF)
Diploid containing 2 complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
Fertilization cellular respiration without oxygen. Occurs mostly in human muscles cells.
Zygote a fertilized egg
Male Gamete sperm
Female Gamete egg
Egg a female reproductive cell
Sperm a male reproductive cell that can fertilize an egg cell
Sexual Reproduction a biological process by which plants and animals create offspring by combining their genetic material
Asexual Reproduction reproduction not requiring fertilization; only one involves one parent.
Location of Meiosis Ovaries and Testes
Location of Mitosis Every where else but in your sex cells
Number of Chromosomes in Human 46
Organism any living thing
Cell the basic building blocks of life
2 Things Plants Have That Animals Don't 1.Cell Wall 2.Chloroplasts
2 Things Animals Have That Plants Don't 1.Lysosomes 2.Centrioles
Order of Life cell, tissue, organ, organ system
Cell Theory cells come the basic unit of life, Cells come from preexisting cells
Eukaryote are all multi cellular organisms like plants animals that also have a nucleus
Prokaryote cells without a nucleus
Cellular Respiration a chemical process that allows organisms to convert food into control
Mitochondria powerhouse of the cell
ATP energy
Aerobic oxygen
Anaerobic without oxygen
Photosynthesis process by which plants use light energy from the sun to produce food in the form of chemical energy from CO2 and water molecules
Light Reaction Stage takes place in the thylakoid membrane, uses light energy to make ATP energy, oxygen is transferred into water
Calvin Cycle the set of chemical reactions that take place in chloroplasts during photosynthesis
Transfer of Energy the conversion of one form of energy into another, or the movement of energy from one place to another
Chlorophyll green pigment that captures the sun’s energy
Chloroplast process by which plants use light energy from the sun to produce food in the form of chemical energy from CO2 and water molecules
Normal Body Cell 23 chromosomes
what do you have to do in order for CR to take place? eat and breathe
what do plants use to capture light energy? chlorophyll
what do plants produce? oxygen and glucose
what do all cells have? cell membrane
what do groups of tissues form organs
what happens in the Calvin cycle? glucose is synthesized from carbon dioxide
what has 23 chromosomes sperm and egg cells
what do plants provide for animals food, oxygen, and shelter
what is produced from animals in meiosis gametes
why do plants reflect green? they absorb all other colors and reflect green
what is provided from the sun for photosynthesis? energy
what are you likely to find in a maple leaf's cells and not in a humans cells? cell wall or chloroplasts
what organelle produces ATP ? mitochondria
what happens when two gametes meet? they form a zygote
what are all plant and animal cells surrounded by? a thin cell membrane
Created by: lindseynicole