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Cardio-vascular Drug

TermDefinition
CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES CHF, Arrhythmias, and increase the contraction of the heart. Side effects: N/V, Confusion, Arrhythmias, Yellow/Green halos, Low therapeutic index.
ANTIARRHYTHMIC DRUGS Help restore and maintain normal heart rhythms Side effects: N/V, Confusion, Arrhythmias.
ANTIANGINALS CP/Angina, Decrease the amount of blood that returns to the heart, decreasing the heart rate or decreasing resistance to the pump, and decreases the work load on the heart; Vasodilator. Side effects: Headache, Dizziness, Hypotension.
VASODILATORS Peripheral vascular disease caused by arteriosclerosis and advanced diabetes and dilate peripheral blood vessels, Increase blood flow to extremities by relaxing the smooth muscles of the blood vessels. Side effects: Tachycardia.
ENDOTHELIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS Treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and reverse the effects of endothelin, a substance in the walls of the blood vessels that cause them to narrow. Side effects: Pale skin, dyspnea with exertion, unusual bleeding or bruising, unusual tiredness.
PHOSPHODIESTERASE TYPE 5 INHIBITOR (PDE-5) To treat erectile dysfunction, and PAH and works to increase blood flow to the penis through vasodilation; also treats PAH through vasodilation. Side effects: Appear to be dose related; Headache; Dizziness; Flushing; Dyspepsia; Nasal congestion; Rhinitis
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS HTN; Angina, dilate coronary arteries, reduce oxygen demand on the heart and decrease heart rate; block calcium in the cardiac muscle and blood vessels. Side effects: Constipation.
ANGIOTENISIN-CONVERTING ENZYME (ACE) INHIBITORS HTN; CHF and prevents the conversion of angiotensin I and angiotensin II. Side effects: Cough.
ANGIOTENSIN II INHIBITORS HTN, CHF, Inhibits the action at the beta receptors on the heart; some are selective to only the heart while others are non-selective and can act in other places such as the lungs. Side effects: hypotension; bronchoconstriction, dizziness.
ALPHA-ADRENERGIC BLOCKERS HTN, Severe CHF, BPH and inhibits the action at the alpha receptors in the blood vessels. Side effects: Orthostatic hypotension, Dizziness.
ALPHA/BETA-ADRENERGIC BLOCKING AGENTS Management of hypertension and combines alpha-1-adrenergic blocking and beta-adrenergic blocking activity in a single substance. Side effects: Dizziness and tiredness may occur.
ANTILIPIDEMIC AGENTS Heart disease and high cholesterol and reduces serum lipids and minimizes rate of new fat deposition; Decreases LDL, Decreases triglycerides. Side effects: Diarrhea, Constipation, Flushing.
 

 



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