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Pharm CH 3

Cultural and Pharmacogenetic Considerations

QuestionAnswer
alternative health practices When a dominant group adopts health practices from a nondominant group
acculturation is the process by which a group adjusts to living within a dominant culture while at the same time maintaining its original identity.
assimilation occurs when a less powerful group changes its ways to blend in with the dominant cultural group.
community is a cluster of individuals who function as a group to attain cultural universals.
complementary health practices combine traditional beliefs and mainstream health practices.
culture defined as sets of learned behavior and ideas that human beings acquire as members of a community
cultural universals are designed to meet the community's survival needs and common goals such as the obtainment of food and other practices that maintain the group.
ethnopharmacology is the study of drug responses that may be unique to an individual owing to social, cultural, and biologic phenomena.
genomes are a complete set of chromosomes and make up a cell's DNA.
healers play a role in traditional health practices in about 80% of the population worldwide.
pharmacogenetics integrates the study of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and variations of the predicted response to a drug due to genetic factors.
pharmacogenomics to the general study of all the different genes that determine drug behavior.
polymorphisms are DNA variants that occur within a specific population at a frequency greater than 1%.
traditional health practices may include use of teas, herbs, spices, and special foods as well as homeopathic remedies, poultices, and ointments. These practices can have neutral, beneficial, or deleterious effects on a patient's health.
subtrate is a substance that binds to and is metabolized by one or more enzymes.
Created by: MBO