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Pharmacy Technician

Cardiac Drugs

QuestionAnswer
What are Cardiac Glycosides used for? *Congested Heart Failure *Arrhythmias
What are the side effects of cardiac glycosides? *N/V *Confusion *Arrhythmias *Yellow/ green halos *Low therapeutic index
How do cardiac glycosides work? Unknown, but they increase the contraction of the heart.
Which class of drugs are obtained from the digitalis plant and exert powerful action on the heart, and also increase the muscles's contraction and improve irregular heartbeats? Cardiac Glycosides
What is Digoxin an example of? Cardiac Glycosides
What are Antiarrhythmic drugs used for? Restoring and maintaining normal heart rhythm.
How do Antiarrhythmic drugs work? Multiple classes have different effects on the heart to affect it's rhythm.
What are the side effects of Antiarrhythmic drugs? *Nausea/vomiting *Confusion *Arrythmias
What is Lidocaine an example of? Antiarrhythmic drug
What is Quinidine an example of? Antiarrhythmic drug
What is Amiodarone an example of? Antiarrhythmic drug
What is Procainamide an example of? Antiarrhythmic drug
What is Adenosine an example of? Antiarrhythmic drug
What are Antianginals used for? *CP (chest pain) *Angina
How do Antianginals work? Decrease the amount of blood that returns to the heart, decreasing the heart rate or decreasing resistance to the pump, and decreases the work load on the heart; Vasodilator
What are the side effects of Antianginals? *Headaches *Dizziness *Hypotension
What is Nitroglycerin an example of? Antianginal
What are Calcium Channel Blockers an example of? Antianginal
What is Isosorbide Dinitrate an example of? Antianginal
Which Antianginal drug should avoid heat and be stored with a tight lid in a glass bottle due to absorption into plastic? Nitroglycerin
What are Vasodilators used for? Peripheral Vascular Disease caused by arteriosclerosis and advanced diabetes.
How do Vasodilators work? */Dilate peripheral blood vessels *Increase blood flow to extremeties by relaxing the smooth muscles of the blood vessels
What are the side effects of Vasodilators? Tachycardia
What is Hydralazine an example of and what is it used for? Vasodilator; Used to lower blood pressure
What is Nitroprusside and what is it used for? Vasodilator; Used in hospitals to lower blood pressure
What is Papaverine an example of? Vasodilator
What is Isoxsuprine an example of? Vasodilator
What are Nitrates examples of? Vasodilators
What are Endothelin Receptor Antagonists used for? Treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
How do Endotheline Receptor Antagonists work? Reverse the effects of endothelin, a substance in the walls of the blood vessels that cause them to narrow.
What are the side effects of Endothelin Receptor Antagonists? *Pale skin *Dyspnea with exertion *Unusual bleeding or bruising *Unusual tiredness or weakness
What is Machitenten an example of? Endothelin Receptor Antagonist
What is Bosebtan an example of? Endotheline Receptor Antagonist
What is Ambrisentan an example of? Endothelin Receptor Antagonist
What must females do before and monthly during treatment with Endothelin Receptor Antagonists? Negative pregnancy test; regular pregnancy testing monthly
What is Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors (PDE-5) used for? *Erectile dysfunction *PAH - Pulmonary arterial Hypertension
How do Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors (PDE-5) work? *Works to increase blood flow to the penis through vasodilation *Treats PAH through vasodilation
What are the side effects of Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors (PDE-5)? *Headache *Dizziness *Flushing *Dyspepsia *Nasal Congestion *Rhinitis
Who should not use Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors (PDE-5)? Patients taking Nitrates or men who sexual intercourse is not advised due to cardiovascular problems.
What is Sildenafil (Viagra) an example of and what is it used for? Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitor (PDE-5) for Erectile dysfunction
What is Tadalafil (Cialis) an example of and what is it used for? Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitor (PDE-5) for Erectile dysfunction
What is Revatio an example of and what is it used for? Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitor (PDE-5) forPAH- Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
What are Calcium Channel Blockers used for? *Hypertension *Angina
How do Calcium Channel Blockers work? Dilate coronary arteries, reduce O2 demand on the heart and decrease the heart rate; block calcium in the cardiac muscle and blood vessels
What are the side effects of Calcium Channel Blockers? Constipation
What is Nifedipine (Procardia) an example of? Calcium Channel Blocker
What is Verapamil (Calan) an example of? Calcium Channel Blocker
What is Diltiazem (Dardizem) an example of? Calcium Channel Blocker
What is Nicardipine (Cardene) an example of? Calcium Channel Blocker
What is Amlopidine (Norvasc) an example of? Calcium Channel Blocker
What are Angiotenisen-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors used for? *Hypertension *Congestive Heart Failure
How do Angiotenisen-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors work? Prevents the conversion of Angiotenisen I and Angiotenisen II.
What does Angiotenesen II cause? Vasoconstriction and fluid retention
What are the side effects of Angiotenisen-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors? Cough
What is Captopril (Capoten) an example of? Angiotenisen- Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
What is Enalapril (Vasotec) an example of? Angiotenisen-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
What is Lisinopil (Zestril) an example of? Angiotenisen-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor
What are Angiotenisen II Inhibitors used for? *Hypertension *Congestive Heart Failure
How do Angiotenisen II Inhibitors work? Inhibits the action of the beta receptors on the heart: some are selective to only the heart while others are non-selective to only the heart while others are non-selective and can act in other places such as the lungs
What are the side effects of Angiotenisen II Inhibitors? *Hypotension *Brochoconstriction *Dizziness
What is Atenolol (Tenormin) and example of? Angiotenisen II Inhibitor
What is Metoprolol (Lorpressor) an example of? Angiotenisen II Inhibitor
What is Popranolol (Inderal) an example of? Angiotenisen II Inhibitor
What are Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers used for? *Hypertension *Severe Congestive Heart Failure *BPH - Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
How do Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers work? Inhibit the action at the alpha receptors in the blood vessels
What are the side effects of Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers? *Orthostatic hypotension *Dizziness
What is Prazosin (Minipress) an example of? Alpha-Adrenergic Blocker
What is Tamsulosin (Flomax) an example of? Alpha- Adrenergic Blocker
What are Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Blocking Agents used for? Hypertension management
How do Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Blocking Agents work? Combines alpha-1-adrenergic blocking and beta-adrenergic blocking activities in a single substance.
What are the side effects of Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Blocking Agents? *Dizziness *Tiredness
What is Labetalol (Normodyne) an example of? Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Blocking Agent
What is Carvediol (Coreg) an example of? Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Blocking Agent
What are Antilipidemic Agents used for? *Heart Disease *High Cholesterol
How do Antilipidemic Agents work? reduces serum lipids and miimizes rate of new fat deposition; Decrease LDL, decreases triglycerides
What are the side effects of Antilipidemic Agents? *Diarrhea *Constipation *Flushing
What is Atorvastin (Lipitor) an example of? Antilipidemic Agent
What is Fenofibrate (Tricare) an example of? Antilipidemic Agent
What is Simvastatin (Zocar) an example of? Antilipidemic Agent
Created by: Martinafulgieri