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Fitness Theory

Chapter 5

TermDefinition
Muscular Strength How much weight you are able to life in a single effort.
Muscular Endurance The number of times you are able to lift the weight.
Factors that Influence Muscular Strength and Endurance Genetics, Sex, Age, Nutrition, Rest, and Design of Workout Program
Genetics Type and number of muscle fibers you inherited
Sex Doesn't affect the quality of muscles, but the quantity; men are typically bigger, so more of their body mass is made up of muscle.
Benefits of Muscular Strength and Endurance Improves body composition, become stronger, burn more calories, improve posture, improves bone health, reduce risk of energy and disease, have more energy.
Type of Equipment Recommendations on types of weight training exercises vary according to the individual and personal preference.
Non-moveable Machines Good for beginners, easy to use; machine guides you, risk of energy; instructions posted on machines explain proper form, technique, and muscles involved; can become boring, same movement repeated.
Free Weights Use more stabilizing muscles; mimic more "real life" movements; improve balance and coordination; versatile, can do variety of exercise; might require a spotter; take skill and proper form, higher risk of injury
Variety in Strength Training Your muscles adapt to the program you're doing!; principles of weigh training-progression, overload, etc.; increase weight, reps, etc.
Reversibility Use it or lose it!; muscle is active tissue, and unless it is used and maintained it will gradually shrink; make resistance training part of your lifestyle
Created by: jae_moore