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cells

Cells vocabulary

TermDefinition
cell membrane protective layer that covers a cells surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cells enviornment
organelles small body in a cells cytoplasm that is a specialized to preform a specific function
cytoplasm the region enclosed by the cell membrane that includes the fluid and all of the organelles of the cell
nucleus control center of the cell. contains the DNA
prokaryotic no nucleus, DNA in cytoplasm, circular DNA (ex.yeast)
eukaryotic nucleus with DNA in it, linear DNA (ex. animal cell,plant cell, fugi
bacteria first cells on earth, single cell
cell smallest functional and structral unit of all living things
tissue group of similar cells that preform a common function
organ a structure made up of a collection of tissues that carry out a specalized function animals-stomach, eyes, kidney,lungs plant-leaf,stems,roots
organ system a group of organs working together to preform body functions digestive, pespiratory,circular
lysosomes transport undigestive material to cell membrane. Cell breaks down if lysosome explodes
vacuole membrane bond sacs for storage, digestion, and waste removal contains water solution, helps plants maintain shape
nucleolus inside nucleus contains DNA to build proteins
chloroplasts usually found in plant cells contains green chlorophyll where phoyosynthesis takes place
golgi complex protein 'packaging' plant move materials in and out of the cell
ER assist in the production processing, and transport of proteins in the production of lipids
Mitochondria organelle has double membrane, and the inner membrane is folded. This organelle contains it's own DNA
ribosomes each cell contains thousands. Makes proteins, found on the ER and floating througout the cell
cell wall most commonly found in plant cells, fungi cells, and bacteria cells, supports and protects cells,
cell theory All organisms are made up of one or more cell The cell is the basic unit of all living things All cells come from exsisting cells
homeostasis the maintenance of an internal balance of conditions in a changing external enviornment
mitosis the chromosome copies are separated and the nucleus and cell divide to form 2 identical cells
Created by: 23eo8942