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Psych Disorders

TermDefinition
Trepanning Drilling hole in skull to release evil spirits
Diagnostic labeling Stigma and self-fulfilling prophecies
Pseudo explanations Circular reasoning where you label symptoms w/ medical terms
Patient role Promotes passivity in client
Diagnosis Distinguishing one disease from another
Etiology Apparent causation / developmental history of illness
Prognosis Forecast of probable cause of illness
Generalized anxiety disorder Chronic high level on anxiety not tied to any specific threat - called 'free floating anxiety,' and accompanied by dizziness, trembling, diarrhea
Specific phobia Persistent, irrational fear to object or situation that presents no danger
Panic disorder Recurring attacks of overwhelming anxiety that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly
Agoraphobia Fear of going out to public places
Valium Synapse that reduces neurotransmitter activity in GABA synapses. Shows neural circuits (GABA) may play a role in anxiety disorders
Preparedness Biologically prepared or evolution to acquire fears more easily
Observational learning Type of learning where children reciprocate parents' fears more easily
Neuroticism Personality trait correlated with prevalence of anxiety disorders
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts and urges to engage in senseless rituals
Serotonin Abnormalities in neural circuits using this implicates OCD
Somatic Symptom Disorders Type of disorders where people's preoccupation with physical symptoms is so strong that causes significant distress
Conversion Loss of physical functions without apparent physical basis
Illness anxiety disorder Excessive worry about an illness
Histrionic personality Self centered, over dramatic personality. More likely to develop somatic symptom disorders
Dissociative disorders Type of disorders where you lose portions of consciousness and memory
Dissociative amnesia Sudden loss of personal information too extensive to be from normal forgetting
Dissociative fugue Loss of memory of entire life or identity
Dissociative identity Also known as multiple personality
Extreme stress, beatings, and sexual abuse Etiology of dissociative disorders
Mood disorders Type of disorders marked by emotional disturbance
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) Periods of depression and mania that alternate with the seasons
Dysthymic disorder (Persistent depressive disorder) Mild to moderate depression for at least 2 years
Bipolar Mood disorder that alternates between maniac and depressive
Cyclothymic Mildly bipolar for at least 2 year
Manic Euphoric and sociable. Racing thoughts, impulsive, talkative, confident, illusions. Hyperactive, less sleep.
Depressive Gloomy, withdrawn. Slow thought, indecisive, guilt, self blame, negative. Tired, sleep disturbance
Norepinephrine, serotonin, acetylcholine Neurotransmitters important in depression
Attribution style Way one views failures - internal, global, or stable
Precipitating stress Link between stress and onset of depression in some people
Psychotic disorders Severe mental disorders that causes abnormal thinking and perceptions
Schizophrenic disorders Disorders marked by disturbances in thought
Delusion of reference Thinking neutral event has personal meaning
Flattening of affect Little emotional response
Catatonic behavior Extreme muscle rigidity and random motor activity
Dopamine Neurotransmitter important in schizophrenia
Larger ventricles, smaller thalamus Brain problems in schizophrenia
Personality disorders Disorders marked by extreme, inflexible personality traits that cause subjective distress and impaired social and occupational functioning
Avoidant Anxious / fearful - Excessively sensitive to potential rejection, socially withdrawn despite want for acceptance
Obsessive-compulsive Anxious / fearful - Occupied w/ trivial details
Dependent Anxious / fearful - Excessively lacking in self esteem / reliance
Histrionic Dramatic impulsive - Overly dramatic, seeking attention
Borderline Dramatic impulsive - unstable, unpredictable, impulsive
Dramatic / impulsive Dramatic impulsive - grandiosely self important
Antisocial Dramatic impulsive - chronically violating rights of others
Paranoid Odd / eccentric - Pervasive and unwarranted suspisciousness
Schizotypal Odd / eccentric - Thinking that resembles schizophrenia
Schizoid Odd / eccentric - Defective in capacity of forming warm relationships
Antisocial personality Impulsive, callous, manipulative, aggressive, irresponsible behavior - failure to accept social norms (less extreme than psychopathic)
Competency Defendant's capacity to stand trial - deals with mental state at time of trial
Involuntary commitment When people are hospitalized against will
Koro Chinese and Malaysian males who fear that penis will retract into abdomen
Windigo Algonquin indians' belief of intense craving of human flesh and fear of becoming cannibal
Anorexia nervosa Fear of becoming fat and refusal to eat adequately
Bulimia nervosa Repeated episodes of eating followed by compensatory vomiting, laxatives, etc.
Created by: uriel_magana