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adv pos skeletal rev

advanced positioning basic skeletal review

QuestionAnswer
How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton? 126
Which skeleton is the scapula part of? appendicular
Which skeleton is the clavicle part of? appendicular
Name the skeletal areas making up the axial skeleton skull, vertebral column, sternum and ribs
How many bones are in the axial skeleton? 80
What are the functions of bones? muscle attachment, movement, protection, frame, storage and RBC/WBC production
What type of marrow is found in the trabeculae of spongy bone? red and yellow
Flat bones house what kind of marrow? red
Long bones house what kind of marrow? yellow
Medullary cavity central cavity of a long bone
Periosteum tough fibrous membrane covering bone
Name the tissue lining the medullary cavity endosteum
Ossification development and formation of bones
During what stage of life do bones begin to develop? 2nd month of embryonic life
Primary ossification irregular and short bone growth and diaphysis growth in utero
Secondary ossification bone growth at epiphyses after birth
At what age to the epiphyseal plates completely ossify? 21
What type of marrow is found in short bones? red
Examples of flat bones are the: cranial bones, scapulae, and sternum
Purposes of flat bones: protection and muscle attachment
Examples of irregular bones: vertebrae, facial bones and pelvis
Sesamoid bones develop where? in tendons
Function of a sesamoid? protect sesamoid from excessive wear
Created by: annaluz87