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WGU Ethics Mod. 7

WGU Ethics terms

QuestionAnswer
This is the theory that morality is culturally determined. Cultural Relativism
Also known as Moral Relativism is... Cultural Relativism
According to its tenets, therefore, there is no objective moral rule or law that is universally correct. This is considered... Cultural Relativism
each culture's moral standards are correct and to regarded with tolerance and not to be judged, according to this approach. This is considered... Cultural Relativism
What is the main premise of the cultural differences arguement for Cultural Relativism? Different societies have opposing moral standards.
What are concepts that are recognized by all human beings and societies as morally good. Universal Values
Protecting very young children, Rules against killing and lying are shared practices by all societies or not all societies. all societies
Not eating pork, not commiting infanticide are shared practices by all societies or not all societies. not all societies
Discourages intolerance of differing moral codes is ___________. Cultural Relativism
Questions unreasoned assumptions about right and wrong is ___________. Cultural Relativism
Encourages people to separate personal feelings from moral judgements is ________. Cultural Relativism
What holds that there are no objective moral truths, only feelings about moral behavior. Ethical Subjectivism
What denies there are objective moral truths, instead holding that we only have feelings about acts and behavior. Ethical Subjectivism
What theory holds, our feelings define our moral judgments. Ethical Subjectivism
"X is right" really means "I like X", according to what? Ethical Subjectivism
This is the theory that moral or ethical judgments are expression of attitudes, not moral truths. Emotivism
When we make moral or ethical judgments we are expressing our own attitudes and looking to influence and change the moral actions of others is considered... Emotivism
It says that we are only talking about the attitudes we have towards something – we are never talking about the thing itself is considered... Emotivism
What theory assumes that there is nothing morally wrong or morally right. Emotivism or Ethical Subjectivism. Neither Emotivism or Ethical Subjectivism theory can account for something that is a moral truth, because they do not acknowledge moral truths.
This is the theory that acting in your own self-interest is moral. Ethical Egoism
The underlying foundation for this, according to philosopher and author Ayn Rand, is that individual life is so precious that it is of the highest moral value and should never be sacrificed to anything or anyone else. Ethical Egoism
What is it when we ought to put our own self-interests exclusively above all others. Ethical Egoism
What believes that altruism (acting for the sake of others, even when it means sacrificing self-interest) causes harm to others. Ethical Egoism
This ultimately fails because it does not take into account the value of others. Ethical Egoism
This does not guarantee equality among people pursuing their goals in life. Ethical Egoism
What rejects: Altruism, resolving differences through compromise, and the principle of Equal Treatment. Ethical Egoism
What maintains that it is natural (human condition) to act exclusively in your own self-interest Psychological Egoism
This is acting for the sake of others, regardless of self. Altruism
This is that people should be treated in the same way unless there is a relevant difference between them. Principle of Equal Treatment
Moral language is used to influence people's behavior because the essential revision to Simple Subjectivism offered by ______. Emotivism
What is the empirical doctrine that the determining motive of every voluntary action is a desire for one's own welfare. Psychological egoism
What is a descriptive theory resulting from observations from human behavior. Psychological egoism
What makes no claim as to how one should act. That all persons seek their self-interest on this theory is a purported fact Psychological egoism
The descriptive psychological law that all persons act from the motive of self-interest is false because there are many disconfirming instances. What kind of fallacy is this. Psychological egoism as an empirical theory commits the fallacy of hasty generalization or converse accident.
Truthfulness, prohibition of murder, tolerable of other cultures, mix of good and bad practices, welfare of cultural members, and care of young. values that all cultures have in common
Different societies have different moral codes in Cultural relativism in terms of what? the cultural differences arguement
Moral code determines what is right within that society in Cultural relativism in terms of what? the cultural differences arguement
No objective standard can be used to judge one's societal code as better than another in Cultural relativism in terms of what? the cultural differences arguement
Moral code of our own society has no special in Cultural relativism in terms of what? the cultural differences arguement
Moral language Simple subjectivism
Moral opinions Ethical subjectivism
What are moral judgments that are nothing more than expressions of person opinion? Ethical Subjectivism
What are theory of human nature, not an ethical theory and human nature to act out of self-interest? Psychological egoism
What is how we should behave? Ethical egosim
What is each person ought to do whatever will best promote his or her own self-interest? Ethical egoism
One' duty is to promote one's self-interest is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Strength
Not necessarily bad if actions benefit others is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Strength
Ought to do what is in own best self-interest is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Strength
Endorses wicked actions, provided they benefit the person who does them is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Weakness
Cannot handle conflict of interest is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Weakness
Logically inconsistent is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Weakness
Unacceptably arbitrary is this a strength or weakness of Ethical egoism? Weakness
Cannot help people resolve their conflict among their interest is for or against ethical egoism? against
Incorrectly assumes all moral judgments are products of logic is for or against ethical egoism? against
Claims one individual's interests are more important than the interest of others is for or against ethical egoism? against
Actions that appear to be altruistic are motivated by self-interest, actions are expressions of what makes one feel good, people will do what they most want to do, people will do what is necessary to feel good these describe what? Psychological egoists interpretaion of human motivation
Created by: ldepaepe