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Cognitive Therapy

PCC-HR-3C-Beck's Cognitive Therapy

Maladaptive Behavior Emotional disorders result from irrational thoughts about oneself and the external world due to "logical errors".
Logical errors include arbitrary inference, overgeneralization, selective abstraction, personalization, polarized thinking
Arbitrary inference Drawing conclusions without evidence
Overgeneralization Drawing general conclusions on the basis of one event
Selective abstraction Attending to detail while ignoring the total context
Personalization Erroneously attributing external events to oneself
Polarized thinking thinking in a black-or-white fashion
Therapeutic Goal Is to help a client become aware of his/her logical errors and irrational, "automatic" thinking, and label events more accurately.
Therapeutic Techniques Using a variety of structured techniques such as keeping a "daily log" of dysfunctional automatic thoughts; activity schedule making, graded task assignments
Difference from RET Less confrontive, relies more one encouraging a client to engage in activities which will either confirm or disconfirm his/her irrational cognitions.
Created by: SBT38