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Stress Circumstance that threatens one's well-being or taxes one's coping abilities. Subjective. Harmful effects on health. Cumulative. Events are more if uncontrollable / unpredictable.
Frustration Stress category that occurs when pursuit of a goal is blocked
Conflict Stress category when two or more incompatible motivations / impulses compete for expression.
Approach-Approach Stress where choice must be made w/ 2 attractive goals
Avoidance-Avoidance Stress where choice must be made w/ 2 unattractive goals
Approach-Avoidance Stress where choice must be made about 1 goal with both positive and negative aspects
Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) Test that measures stress - higher score = vulnerable to physical illness and psychological problems. Criticisms - no measure of change
Pressure Demands or expectations to act a certain way
Pressure inventory Self report inventory that is more closely related to mental health than the SRRS
Catecholamines Hormones that produce physiological changes seen in fight or flight
Cortisols Hormones that stimulate release of fats and proteins to provide energy
Hypothalamus - sympathetic nervous system - adrenal medulla Pathway where brain sends signals to endocrine system when stressed - releases catecholamines
Hypothalamus - pituitary gland (ACTH) - adrenal cortex (cortisols) Pathway where brain sends signals to endocrine system when stressed - releases ACTH first, then cortisols
Norepinephrine Catecholamine that functions as a neurotransmitter
Coping Active efforts to reduce, master, tolerate demands of stress
Frustration-aggression hypothesis Idea that frustration is always caused by aggression
Displacement Diversion of aggression to a substitute
Catharsis Emotional tension released through behavior - may be adaptive
Learned helplessness Passive behavior produced by exposure to unavoidable events
Denial, fantasy, intellectualization (detachment from threatening events), undoing (make unacceptable desires / acts disappear), overcompensation 5 Defensive coping mechanisms
Competitive, time urgent, angry and hostile - higher risk for heart disease Type A behavior
Relaxed, patient, easy going, amicable - lower risk for hear disease Type B behavior
Autonomic reactivity Difference between placid / highly reactive autonomic nervous system
Burnout Physical, mental, emotional exhaustion from long term / chronic stress
PTSD Disturbed behavior attributed from stressful event
Diathesis stress approach Idea that disorders result from predisposed biological factors triggered by the environment and stress
Psychosomatic diseases Genuine physical illness caused partly by psychological factors
Hypertension, migraines, ulcers Common psychosomatic diseases caused by stress
Yerkes-Dobson Law States that as task becomes more complex, the optimal level of arousal for max performance decreases
General adaptation syndrome (GAS) Model of body's stress syndrome
Alarm reaction Physiological arousal where body masters resources
Resistance Prolonged stress, physiological changes stabilize (higher than normal)
Exhaustion Physiological arousal decrease. Resources for fighting depleted (usually ends in death or disease)
Created by: uriel_magana
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