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Paharmacy Tech Chpt2

Review Questions

Terms & Definitions Questions & Answers
Drugs have a Chemical Name Describes it's structure and components
Drugs have Generic names Non-proprietary
Drugs have brand names Proprietary name
United States Adopted Names ( USAN ) They choose generic ( non- proprietary ) drug names
Acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) Treats; pain, NOT inflammation ( Not safe if you have liver disease or drink EtOH )
ASA ( Acetyl-cyclical-acid ) Treats; Pain, inflammation and fever ( DON'T use with warfarin )
NSAID ( Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug ) Treats; Inflammation swelling pain and fever
NSAID stems Profen, Proxen, Ac, Oxicam, coxib
NSAIDS Take with food or milk to avoid GI stress . (NO warfarin)
Opioid Agonist Treats; Pain Only
Synthetic Options Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Methadone, Oxymorphone, Meperidine
Narcan (Naloxone) Is an antidote for the opioid agonist
Hydrocodone/ APAP Norco/Lorcert/Lortab/Vicodin
Hydrocodone/Ibuprofen Vicoprofen
Oxycodone (Oxycontin) / ASA Percocet
Oxycodone/ASA Percodan
Allopurinol Prevents gout attacks
Colchicine treats an acute attack
Osteoporosis Imbalance in osteoclast/osteoblast activity resulting in weak porous bones
Bisphosphonates Treat Osteoporosis
Penicillin ( Cillin) Amoxicillin / Clavulanic acid
Macrolides Thromycin ( Anti-biotics )
Clarithromycin Biaxin ( Anti )
Azithromycin Zithromax (Anti )
Flouroquinolones (floxacin) dietary restrictions (calcium, magnesium, iron ) ( Anti )
Sulfonamides ( Sulfa ) Used for Uti's
Sulfa's Cause sun sensitivity && can crystallize your urine
Cephalosprins (Cef) Used for patients who are allergic to penicillin
Metronidazole
Phenazopyridine Urinary Analgesic helps with pain but doesn't treat the infection
Hypertension High Blood Pressure ( HTN )
Thiazide Used for high blood pressure
Chlorothiazide
Chlorthalidone
Loop Semide
Furosemide
Torsemide
Potassium Sparing
Amiloride
Spironolactone
Triameterene
ACE inhibitors ( Pril ) Angiotensin Converting enzyme inhibitor ( Side effects cough ) Causes Vasodilation & Diuresis
ARB ( Sartan ) Angiotensin receptor blocker causes vasodialation & diuresis
Beta Blockers ( Lol ) Metoprolol comes as tartarate ( q 12 hours ) Succinate ( q24) decreases cardiac output and vasodilate
Created by: Nothedeal