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Chapter 16 Quiz

TermDefinition
Convection the transfer of heat by the movement of a mass or substances. It can only take place in fluids
Conduction the transfer of heat through matter by molecular activity. energy is transferred through collisions from one molecule to another
Radiation the transfer of energy (heat) through space by electromagnetic waves
Ozone Layer a molecule of oxygen containing 3 oxygen atoms; a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation. in the stratosphere.
ionosphere a complex zone of ionized gases that coincide with the lower portion of the thermosphere
Stratosphere the layer of the atmosphere immediately above the troposphere, characterized by increasing temperatures with height, owing to the concentration of ozone
Troposphere the lowermost layer of the atmosphere. it is generally characterized by a decrease in temperature with height
Thermosphere the region of the atmosphere immediately above the mesosphere and characterized by increasing temperature due to absorption very short solar energy by oxygen
Mesosphere the layer of the atmosphere immediately above the stratosphere and characterized by decreasing temperate with height
Environmental Lapse Rate the rate of temperature decrease with increasing height in the troposphere
Most Abundant Gases in Our Atmosphere Nitrogen (78%), Oxygen (21%), Carbondioxide (.036%)
Albedo the reflectivity of a substance, usually expressed as a percentage of the incident radiation reflected
does temperature increase or decrease in each layer as altitude increases decrease
Created by: miabegic2