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Ch 3 Pathology Terms

Radiography

DefinitionTerm
Pneumonia caused by entrance of foreign particles (e.g., vomitus) aspirated into the lower respiratory tract Aspiration pneumonia
An adenoma, usually considered benign but classified as “lung cancer” because they tend to invade local tissues, sometimes metastasize to regional lymph nodes, and are treated much like other malignant neoplasms Bronchial carcinoid
Chronic dilatation of the bronchi, with inflammation and destruction of bronchial walls and cilia Bronchiectasis
Carcinoma of the lung that arises from the epithelium of the bronchial tree Bronchogenic carcinoma
Inflammation of one or more bronchi that is long lasting or has a gradual onset Chronic bronchitis
Designation applied to conditions that result in pulmonary obstruction, most commonly chronic bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A solitary radiopaque lung nodule Coin lesion
Congenital disorder affecting exocrine gland function, with respiratory effects including excessive secretions, obstruction of the bronchial system, infection, and tissue damage Cystic fibrosis
A lung condition characterized by an increase in the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and with destruction of alveolar walls Emphysema
Pleural effusion resulting from inflammation, such as in the case of pleurisy, a pulmonary embolism, or neoplasm Exudates
Pleural effusion containing blood Hemothorax
The inability to move air into and out of the lungs, with consequent increased blood carbon dioxide content Hypercapnia
A condition of low oxygen levels within the arterial blood; caused by toxic gas or smoke inhalation, high altitudes, hypoventilation, or impaired diffusion Hypoxemia
Severe, bacterial pneumonia named for its outbreak at an American Legion Convention in Pennsylvania in 1976 Legionnaires’ disease
The presence of air or gas in the mediastinum as a result of leakage of air from the bronchial tree Mediastinal emphysema
Type of tuberculosis caused by hematogenous spread of the disease, with a characteristic appearance similar to millet seeds, which are small, white grains Miliary tuberculosis
The most common form of primary atypical pneumonia, occurring most frequently in young adults Mycoplasma pneumonia
A collection of excess fluid in the pleural cavity Pleural effusion
Inflammation of the pleura with exudation into the pleural cavity and on its surface Pleurisy
The most common bacterial pneumonia, generally affecting an entire lobe of a lung Pneumococcal pneumonia
A group of occupational diseases characterized by permanent deposits of particulate matter in the lungs and by resultant pulmonary fibrosis Pneumoconioses
The most frequent type of lung infection, resulting in an inflammation of the lung with compromised pulmonary function Pneumonia
A condition when the immune system is not effective at controlling and overcoming the fungal infection from histoplasmosis Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis
A respiratory disorder of infants born at less than a 37-week gestation due to incomplete maturation of the surfactant-producing system Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
Failure of the lungs to ventilate Respiratory failure
Inflammation of a sinus, which may be purulent or nonpurulent, acute or chronic Sinusitis
Pneumonia caused by infection with Staphylococcus that localizes in and/or around the bronchi Staphylococcal pneumonia
Pneumonia caused by infection with Streptococcus that localizes in and/or around the bronchi Streptococcal pneumonia
The presence of air or gas in the subcutaneous tissues of the body Subcutaneous emphysema
Pleural effusions resulting from microvascular changes such as those associated with heart failure or ascites Transudates
Any of the infectious diseases of man and animals caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, generally affecting the lungs in the human body Tuberculosis (TB)
Pneumonia caused by a virus, spread by an infected person to a nonimmune individual Viral pneumonia
Created by: RT2017