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Unit 3, Part 2

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

TermDefinition
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Fatty deposit build up within the coronary arteries.
Atherogenesis Build up of cholesterol and lipids within the artery.
Modifiable Risk Factors -hypertension (HTN) -smoking -obesity -diabetes mellitus (DM) -dyslipidemia (HDL+LDL) -physical inactivity -Diet: high salt/ fat, low veggies/ fiber
Non Modifiable Risk Factors -Age -Gender: males>females (premenopausal) -Ethnicity (Caucasian > African American) -Genetic
Control Modifiable Risk Factors 1. Lifestyle changes, pharmacological treatment 2. smoking cessation, physical activity weight control, dietary management, blood pressure control, glucose and lipid control
Nursing Actions 1. Assessment for risk factors and compliance 2. Patient Ed: lifestyle changes, medication 3. Facilitate referrals: weight reduction, cardiology, endocrine
CAD Progresses--> Coronary Ischemia (decrease blood flow and oxygen to myocardium)
Created by: azmedina