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World Geography 9

ACCULTURATION Cultural changes resulting from contact among various societies over time
ARABLE LAND Land suitable for growing crops
ASSIMILATION The process through which a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture
COMMAND ECONOMY An economic system that is under the complete control and regulation of its government
CULTURAL DIFFUSION The spread of ideas, customs, goods, and people from one culture to another
CULTURE The ideas, customs, skills, arts, etc. of a people that are passed along to succeeding generations
DEFORESTATION The loss or destruction of forests, due mainly to trees being cleared for logging or farming
DEMOCRACY Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives
DEVELOPED NATION A nation that enjoys a relatively high standard of living
DEVELOPING NATION A nation with a relatively low standard of living
DICTATORSHIP A government in which a single leader or party exercises absolute control over all citizens and every aspect of their lives
ETHNIC GROUP A group of people who share a common ancestry, language, customs, religion, etc.
ETHNOCENTRISM The belief in the superiority of your own culture
EXTENDED FAMILY Family in which several generations live in one household
HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS The changes that people make on the surface of the earth including population patterns, buildings, and culture
IMMIGRATION Coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence
INDUSTRIALIZATION The process of turning to the use of machinery in manufacturing
INTERDEPENDENCE Relying on one another for goods, services, and ideas
LIFE EXPECTANCY The number of years that an individual is expected to live
LITERACY RATE The percentage of people in a given place who can read and write
MARKET ECONOMY An economy that is based on the buying and selling of goods
MIGRATION Movements of individuals or groups for the purpose of permanently resettling
MIXED ECONOMY An economy that mixes some individual ownership with government regulation
MONARCHY A system of government in which one person, usually a king or queen, inherits power
MONOTHEISM A belief system in which there is a single god
MULTICULTURALISM The peaceful co-existence several different cultures in a single country
NATURAL RESOURCE Naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their unmodified form
NOMAD A person with no permanent home who moves in search of food, water, and grazing land
NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCE A natural resource that cannot be re-made or re-grown
NUCLEAR FAMILY A household made up of a mother, a father, and their children
PER CAPITA INCOME The total national income divided by the number of people in the nation
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS The natural features of a place such as its landforms, climate, soil, & plant & animal life
POLYTHEISM A belief system with in which there are multiple gods and/or goddesses
POPULATION DENSITY The average number of people living in a square mile
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION The pattern of population in a country, a continent, or the world
PULL FACTORS A feature or event that attracts a person to move into another area
PUSH FACTORS A feature or event that pushes a person away from or encourages a person to leave an area
REFUGEE A person who must leave his or her home and flee elsewhere in search of safety
REGION An area of the world with common physical or human characteristics
STANDARD OF LIVING A level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone
SUBSISTENCE FARMING Farming that provides enough food for the farmer and his family but not enough for sale
TERRACED FARMING The process of cutting a series of steps into a steep slope in order to create many level plains on which to grow crops
TRADE The commercial exchange of goods and services
TRADITIONAL ECONOMY An economy in which decisions are made based on customs, beliefs, religion, and habit
URBANIZATION The movement of people from rural areas into cities
Created by: kyteacher