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Cell Division

Nicole Mischel

TermDefinition
Mitosis Asexual Eukaryotic cell divsion
Daughter Cells Either of the two identical cells that form when a cell mitoticly divides
Meiosis Type of cell division that is part of the process of gamet formation
Chromatin What DNA is called before it becomes a chromosome
Chromatid One of two identical chromosomal strands
Sister Chromatids Two identical copies of a single replicated chromosome that are connected by Centromere
Chromosomes Any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of organised chromatin, that carry the genes in a linear order
Homologous Chromosomes Two chromosomes of paternal and maternal origin that are identical in appearance and pair during meiosis
Gene The basic physical unit of heredity
Karyotype The number and visual appearance of the chromosomes arranged in decreasing
Centrioles Cylindrical cell organell that Spindle Fibers are anchor
Centromere Attaches Sister Chromatids at a single point on the chromosome
Centrosome The region in the cell cytoplasm containing the centrioles
Aster Star- shaped structure formed at the poles of a cell during mitosis
Spindle Fibers A protein structure that attaches to Sister Chromatids during Eukaryotic cell division
Kinetochore Fiber A protein structure on chromatids where the spindle fibers attach during cell division to pull sister chromatids apart
Nucleolus A conspicuous rounded body within the nucleus of a cell that exists before and after mitotic division
Nuclear Envelope Is the phospho lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells
Interphase The phase during which stages G1, S, and G2 occur
Prophase The first stage of mitosis or meiosis in Eukaryotic cell the nuclear envelope breaks down and strands of chromatin form into chromosomes
Metaphase The second stage in mitosis or meiosis in which the duplicated chromosomes line up along the equatorial plate of the spindle
Anaphase The stage in mitosis or meiosis following metaphase in which the daughter chromosomes move away from each other to opposite ends of the cell
Telophase The final stage of meiosis or mitosis the separated chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the dividing cell and the Nuclear Envelope of the daughter cells form around the two sets of chromosomes
Cytokinesis The division of the cell cytoplasm that usually follows mitotic or meiotic division of the nucleus
Created by: mischnic000