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Il Superlativo

QuestionAnswer
The use of the Superlativo? (Hint: There are 3) First one? a) ultimate degree of a particular quality (the most, the least, the...-est) compared to that of other people/things.
How is it formed? definite article + adjective with più or meno. When the Superlative immediately follows the noun, the definite article is not repeated. (exemple: La vita italiana è la meno frenetica dei Paesi europei).
Second use? used with varying forms of tutto.
Third use? if adjective is one that ordinarily precedes the noun, it does so in this construction as well. (exemple: Piazza del Campo è la più bella piazza d'Italia).
what does the Superlativo assoluto express? the highest possible degree of a quality, independent of Comparisons.
Form of the Superlativo assoluto? adding the suffix -ssimo/a/i/e to the masculine plural form of an adjective. Agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies. (exemple: Ornella Muti è una bravissima attrice).
What if adjective normally only have two forms? have four possible forms when modified by the suffix -ssimo/a/i/e.
Adverbs only use the masculine singular form (-issimo) after dropping the final vowel. what if adverbs end in -mente though? Two forms combined. (exemple: lento-lentissima-lentissimamente.
What can you also use, so you can cut the ebding (-ssimo)? molto, assai, decisamente, incredibilmente, or estremamente. (exemple: ...molto offensiva).
What prefixes do exist? ultra-, stra-, extra-, sovr(a)-, super-, and -iper (exemple: superveloce)
Also expressed by repeating an adjective. exemple: fresca fresca (very fresh)
Espressioni Superlative? idiomatic expressions
bagnato fradicio soaked, drenched
chiaro e tondo crystal clear
innamorato cotto madly in love
morto stecchito stone dead
pazzo da legare totally crazy
pieno zeppo jam-packed
povero in canna dirt poor
ricco sfondato filthy rich
stanco morto dead tired
ubriaco fradicio dead drunk
Irregular Forms acre - acerrimo (extremly harsh) celebre - celeberrimo (very famous) misero - miserrimo (very miserable)
Created by: jessi3996