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Mod E Unit 4

Unit 4 Review

QuestionAnswer
Angiocardiogram a series of X rays representing the action of the heart and its blood vessels after the injection of a radiopaque substance
Bronchogram A radiograph of the bronchial tree after injection of a radiopaque substance
Cerebral angiogram is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to see how blood flows through the brain
Chest radiograph A procedure used to evaluate organs and structures within the chest for symptoms of disease
Cholangiogram Imaging of the bile duct by x-rays
Coronary angiogram A procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to see how blood flows through the arteries in your heart
Cystogram A procedure used to visualize the urinary bladder
Hysterosalpingogram An X-ray test that looks at the inside of the uterus and Fallopian tubes and the area around them
Myelogram An X-ray study that involves the injection of a dye into the spinal canal to assess the nerve roots
Retrograde pyelogram A urologic procedure where the physician injects contrast into the ureter in order to visualize the ureter and kidney.
Echocardiogram A type of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are sent through a device called a transducer.
Fluoroscopy An imaging technique that uses X-rays to obtain real-time moving images of the interior of an object.
Fluoroscope An instrument used for observing the internal structure of an opaque object the by means of X-rays
Contrast medium A substance introduced into a part of the body in order to improve the visibility of internal structure during radiography
Radiography An imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation, especially X-rays, to view the internal structure
Radiologist A medical specialist that uses imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen within the body
Radiology A medical specialty that uses imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen within the body.
Radiolucent transparent to X-rays
Radiopaque Opaque to one or another form of radiation
Sonogram A diagnostic imaging technique that uses ultrasound to visualize anything inside the body
Ultrasonogram Uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of internal organs and other tissues.
Bone density scan An enhanced form of x-ray technology that is used to measure bone loss.
Mammogram An x-ray picture of the breast.
Osteoporosis A condition of fragile bone with an increased susceptibility to fracture.
Barium enema a special x-ray of the large intestine, which includes the colon and rectum.
Endoscopy A nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person's digestive tract
Nuclear medicine A branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or treat a variety of diseases
Prone lying on the abdomen, face down
Adduct Movement toward the midsagittal plane of the body
recumbent lying down
erect upright position
lateral to the side
Medial pertaining to the midline of the body/structure
Superior (cephalic/cephalad) Toward the head/upper portion of the structure
Inferior (caudal/caudad) Away from the head/lower portion of the structure
Proximal Nearer to the center or point of attachment
distal Further from the center or point of attachment
Anterior/Ventral front of body
Posterior/Dorsal back of body
Inversion Turning inward or inside out
Eversion Turning outward
Abduct Movement away from the midsagittal plane of the body
External (superficial) Toward the surface of the body
Internal (deep) Away from the surface of the body
Oblique Slanting or diagonal
Sims Position A semiprone (LAO) position with the pt on the left side, right knee and thigh drawn
Trendelenberg Position Pt's head is lower than the legs and body
Fowler Position Pt's head is higher (elevated) than the legs and body
Anatomical Position Standing upright, legs shoulder width apart, arms to the side, palms facing outward
Supinate When in anatomical position and the palm is out/up
Pronate When the palms are turned over
Unilateral Affecting/located on one side
Bilateral Affecting/located on two sides
Contralateral Affecting/located on the opposite side
Echo/o sound
card/i heart
gram record
fluor/o fluoresent
graphy instrument used to record
ologist one who studies
ology study of
lucent transparent
-opaque opaque
son/o sound
ultra beyond excess
ABD abdomen
ARR Academy of Radiology Research
XR x-ray
Ba barium
CAT computed axial tomography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
PET positron emission tomography
CRA cranial
CXR chest x-ray
CT computed tomography
FE filed echo
GI gastrointestinal
IVP intravenous pylogram
IVU intravenous urogram
LT left
RT right
OBL oblique
Pb lead
US ultrasound
Created by: bethk0712