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Elements of Art

6th Grade visual arts Review

QuestionAnswer
What are the Elements of Art They are the building blocks of art.
What is Line? The path of a point moving through space.
How do you make a line? You must put dots very close to one another until they become a line.
What is Shape? Implies spatial form and is perceived as two dimensional; 2D or flat!
Examples of geometric shapes: Square, triangle, circle, etc.
Examples of abstract/organic shapes: Random blobs, wavy shapes, etc.
What is Form? It has depth, length, and width and fills space; it is 3D!
Name two types of form. Actual and Implied
Actual Form You can physically walk around it and touch it.
Implied Form The work appears to be 3D, but isn't literally 3D. (IMAX movies, street art, etc.)
What is Color? What you see when light strikes an object and reflects back to the eye
Hue the name of the color (ex: red, orange, yellow, etc.)
Intensity the strength or vividness of a color; how bold or bright it is
Value the lightness or darkness of a color
Primary Colors the 3 main colors on the color wheel. These are the base colors for all other colors and cannot be made from any other color. (red, blue, yellow)
Secondary Colors a color that results from mixing two primary colors together. (ex: orange, purple, green)
Complimentary Colors Colors that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel and when combined in the right proportions equal a white value tone. Very pleasing to the eye as a combination; sports teams often choose complimentary colors for their team colors.
Examples of complimentary colors Yellow & Purple; Red & Green; Orange & Blue
Tertiary Colors Colors that are made when mixing an equal amount of a primary color and a secondary color. Primary color must always be named first. (red-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, etc.)
Analogous Colors A group of three colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. They are in the same "family". (red, red-orange, and orange)
Tint A pale or lighter version of a color. To make a tint, you mix a color with white. (red + white = pink)
Shade A darker version of a color. To make a shade, you mix a color with black. (blue + black = dark blue)
Warm Colors Red, orange, and yellow
Cool Colors Blue, purple, and green
Value Refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. There are many different ways to show value in drawing. Shading/Blending, Hatching, cross-hatching, and stippling are all ways to show value.
Texture Refers to the tactile (actual feeling) qualities of a surface or the visual representation of a surface (implied)
Space Refers to the area in which art is organized. It represents a volume in an actual or implied 3-D way.
Actual Space Is the space where you can physically walk around a form and touch the sides in a real life.
Implied Space Is where the form appears 3-D, but isn't really 3-D in real life. (think: sidewalk art)
Created by: shannonbacha