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K33 CH 17

Exercise and Psychological Well Being

QuestionAnswer
Clinical depression effects how many people in the U.S.? 20 million
Personality disorders effect how many people in the U.S.? 26 million
Schizophrenia effect how many people in the U.S.? 2 million
According to the CDC, what is hte 3rd leading cause of disability among the general population? Mental health problems.
Regular exercise is correlated with a: reduction in anxiety/depression
Acute exercise = acute relief
Chronic exercise = chronic relief
Are shorter or longer training programs more effective? Longer training programs are more effective
State anxiety can be reduced for up to __ hrs following exercise 24
_______ ___________ after exercise occurs for all types of people Anxiety reduction
______% of doctor visits involve stress- related complaints 60-90
____________ is as effective as psychotherapy in reducing depression Exercise
Exercise can play an important role in helping ____________ anxiety and depression for most people. alleviate
What are some ways to maximize exercise results: >Select an enjoyable activity >Choose Aerobic Exercises >Avoid interpersonal competition >Exercise in a closed environment >Perform exercise at a moderate intensity >Keep exercise sessions brief (12-30 minutes)
Psychological Benefits of Exercise result in the decrease in: >State anxiety, stress response >Depression >Negative Mood States >Stress-related illnesses >Confusion >Hostility >Negative personality traits >Work Errors
Psychological Benefits of Exercise result in the increase in: >Positive mood states >Confidence >Positive body image >Self-control >Academic performance >Work performance >Coping abilities >Cognitive functioning >Overall quality of life
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: Physiological Explanation (1 of 5) Increases in cerebral blood flow to cerebrum
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: Physiological Explanation (2 of 5) Positive changes in brain neurotransmitters
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: Physiological Explanation (3 of 5) Increases in maximal oxygen uptake and use
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: Physiological Explanation (4 of 5) Reduction in muscle tension
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: Physiological Explanation (5 of 5) Advanced structural changes in the brain
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: *Psychological* Explanation (1 of 5) Enhanced feeling of control
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: *Psychological* Explanation (2 of 5) Feeling of self-competence
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: *Psychological* Explanation (3 of 5) Positive social interactions
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: *Psychological* Explanation (4 of 5) Improved self-concept and self-esteem
How Exercise Enhances Psychological Wellness: *Psychological* Explanation (5 of 5) Opportunity for fun and enjoyment
Exercise shows positive changes in ___________ personality
Regular exercise related to increased __________ self-esteem
personality style that enables one to withstand or cope with stressful situations Hardiness
Exercise has modest positive relationship with improved __________ _____________ cognitive functioning
Chronic benefits require ________ ___________ chronic exercise
Exercise improves cognitive functions like Executive function (distraction control). 2 Examples of executive function are: Memory improvement Switching tasks Memory improvement Switching tasks easilty
Exercise positively contributes to Quality of Life. Examples of Q of L are: Better health More positive attitudes Longer sleep Greater life satisfaction
A euphoric sensation experience during running, usually unexpected, in which the runner feels a heightened sense of well-being, and enhanced appreciation of nature, and a transcendence of time and space. Runner's High
Exercise as therapy is recommended for individuals who: >Are Obese >Have severe heart disease >Have high BP that cannot be controlled by meds >Are severely depressed
Created by: mgarvin9