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abd comp qs 2

abdomen comp questions 2

what happens if we use a high kVp on an abdominal radiograph? contrast will be too low (long scale), stones may not be visualized
a quality abdominal radiograph should demonstrate what anatomy? sharply defined psoas muscles, lower border of liver, kidneys, ribs, transverse process of lumbar vertebrae
why is a PA CXR done with a “3-way” abdomen? for free air below the diaphragm
why do we avoid doing a right lateral decubitus abdomen? free air may be mistaken for air in the fundus of the stomach
when the abdomen is divided into 9 sections, what are the sections of the top row? R hypochondrium, epigastric, L hypochondriac.
when the abdomen is divided into 9 sections, what are the sections of the middle row? R lateral, umbilical, L lateral
when the abdomen is divided into 9 sections, what are the sections of the bottom row? R inguinal/iliac, hypogastric, L inguinal/iliac
name the portions of the stomach cardia, fundus, body, pylorus.
Name the portions of the small bowel in order or digestion duodenal bulb, duodenum, jejunum, ileum
What cells make up the mucosa of the small intestine? absorptive, goblet, crypt
What is the function of the ileum? to absorb water
How do the male and female pelvis differ? the female pelvis is wider with an oval brim
What points measure the superior aperture (inlet) of the pelvis? pubic symphysis to sacral promontory
What points measure the inferior aperture (outlet) of the pelvis? pubic symphysis to coccyx
What are the layers of the GI tract? mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa
What are the branches off the Celiac trunk? hepatic, splenic, gastric
What are the major branches off the abdominal aorta? celiac trunk, mesenteric (superior and inferior) and renal (right and left)
What is the path of urine drainage? renal papilla, minor calyces, major calyces, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra
What is the path of waste through the nephron? afferent arteriole, bowman’s capsule, glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, descending limb, loop of henle, ascending limb, distal convoluted tubule, collecting tubule to renal papilla.
Created by: annaluz87