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History Midterm

Midterm Study Guide

Explain the difference between B.C. / A.D. and B.C.E. / C.E. ~BC and AD are the Christian way, BC: Before Christ, AD: After death, BCE: Before Common Era, CE: Common era
Which method of recognizing different Eras of History is the preferred method of Christians? ~BC and AD
If a civilization starts in 1500 B.C. and ends in 1000 A.D. how long does the civilization last? ~2,500 years
What is the Sahara and where is it located? ~The Sahara is a desert and it is located in the Northern part of Africa
What is the Sahel and where is it located? ~Semi Arid region, located just south of the Sahara
What are grasslands and where are they located in Africa? ~Grasslands are a large open area of country covered with grass, and they cover nearly half of the continent, but most of them are towards the south.
Why did Europeans first come to Africa? ~So they could get resources and colonize
Explain how people can use the environment without harming it. (like food, water, resources, air) ~People can use renewable resources
What is deforestation and how can it affect the environment? ~Deforestation is the clearing of trees to make neighborhoods of housing developments. It affects animal habitats and could cause pollution/lack of oxygen.
What is desertification and how can it affect the environment? ~Desertification is where an area of fertile land becomes dry due to drought. It can affect farming, and water shortages.
Describe the Slash and Burn farming technique. ~Cutting and burning of plants in forests to make room for fields to grow crops.
What are the five themes of Geography? Give an example of each theme. Movement: TRADE Region: MICHIGAN Location: 12॰ N, 16॰ E Interaction: ADAPTING TO THE CLIMATE Place: EIFFEL TOWER
Describe the cultural changes that the Tutsi and Hutu tribes went through. ~Ethnic conflict and they didn’t get along . Had to relocate.
Describe the Egyptian Social Pyramid. ~The Pharaoh is at the top of them social pyramid, then comes the Government Officials, next are the Priests, then the Scribes, then the Artisans, and lastly, the Peasants.
Why did the Bantu’s migrate and where did they migrate to? ~They were trying to find a place to farm. They originated in West Africa, and then migrated to the south and east.
Know the differences between these maps and what they are best used for: Mercator: Square; Stretches land near the poles Robinson: Rounded sides; Land near the poles are flattened Political: Show boundaries and cities Physical: Show elevation, bodies of water, and landforms
What is Ethnic Conflict and provide an example. ~An ethnic conflict is a conflict between 2 ethnic groups. Ex) Tutsi and Hutu
What is a Pharaoh and why were they important? ~A Pharaoh is a ruler in ancient Egypt, They were important because they were at the top of the social class structure. They were humans, but were worshipped as gods.
Who are the Tuaregs and describe their lifestyle? ~The Tuaregs are a group of people living in Central Africa. They are nomadic Pastoralists
What does architectural mean? ~Relating to the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings.
What does agricultural mean? ~Relating to agriculture.
Describe the Great Pyramid of Giza and what was it used for? ~The Great Pyramid of Giza was built for the Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu, and was completed around 2560 BCE. It is part of a complex of 3 large pyramids in the Giza Necropolis located in modern Cairo, Egypt.
Created by: 22ihelmus