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CNS Pharmacology

CNS and medication

QuestionAnswer
what is the area at the end of the neuron to where the nerve impulse travels synapse
what are the chemicals that allow nerve impulses to cross the synaptic cleft neurotransmitters
what is the degenerative disorder of the CNS caused by the death of neurons that produce the brain neurotransmitter dopamine parkinson's disease
parkinson's disease signs/symptoms tremors, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia (most noticeable of all symptoms), postural instability
what neurotransmitter is lacking with Parkinson's which cause the uncoordinated movement dopamine
what are examples of medications are used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease Dopamine agonist-carbidopa/levadopa(Sinamet), amantadine (Symmetrel)Anticholinergics (Artane, Cogentin)
what neurotransmitter is associated with Alzheimer's disease? acetylcholine
acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for alzheimers donepezil hydrocholoride (Aricept), rivastigmine tartrate (Exelon)
Hydantoins medication for seizures Hydantoins medications phenytoin (Dilantin),
Side effects of phenytoin gingintival hyperplasia
What does Gaba(your mama) do Inhibitory neurotransmitter that quiets the nerves.
Common side-effects of Gaba agonist Your mama says S-T-O-P it.. Quiet!. S-suicide, T-tremors, O-optic changes, P-puzzeled (confused) (Note: when Gaba increased, Dopamine decreased)
Example of antiseisure medication that potentiate GABA-Barbituate phenobarbital (Luminal),
Example of antiseisure medication that potentiate GABA-Benzodiazeipines diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), clonazepam (Klonopin)
Example of antiseisure medication that potentiate GABA-Benzodiazeipines gabapentin (Neurontin), pregabablin (Lyrica), tiagabine (Gabitril), topiramate (Topamax)
Side-effects for benzodiazepines "Pams" sedation, confusion, decrease vital signs, headache, and sensitivity to light , Assess respiration s!
Antiseizure drugs that potentiate GABA action - Newer GABA related drugs gabapentin (Neurontin), pregabablin (Lyrica), tiagabine (Gabitril), topiramate (Topamax)
central nervous system is made up of the division of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system the division of the nervous system consisting of all of the nerves located outside the central nervous system
somatic nervous system the group of nerves in the peripheral nervous system that controls voluntary actions
autonomic nervous system the group of nerves in peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary actions.
2 branches of the autonomic nervous system Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
Actions body takes for fight/flight(SNS) Hypertension, tachycardia, eyes dilate,
Actions body takes with Parasympathetic nervous system SLUD..s-salivation, L-lacrimation/learning, U-urination, Defication
degenerative inflammatory disease of the CNS attacking the myelin sheath in the spinal cord and brain Multiple sclerosis-MS
Central Nervous Stimulant used for ADHD Amphetamine, Dextroamphetamine-(Adderall ) methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Side-effects of CNS stimulants nervousness, irritability, increased blood pressure and pulse
Created by: tgwin7