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Patient Care

Patient Care Study Stack

QuestionAnswer
septic shock caused by massive infection;; caused by a gram-negative bacteria (DMS 301;Chapter 9;PPT Slide 8)
neurogenic shock resulting from injury to the nervous system caused by head or spinal trauma; Loss of sympathetic tone causing vasodilation of peripheral vessels (DMS 301;Chapter 9;PPT Slide 8)
Diabetes Mellitus inability to metabolize blood glucose (DMS 301; Chapter 9; PPT Slide 15)
hemorrhage excessive bleeding (DMS 301; Chapter 9; PPT Slide 8)
Recumbent lying down (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Supine Lying on their back (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Prone lying on stomach (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Lateral Recumbent lying down on side (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Sim’s Position Insert the anemia tip, curled up position (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Fowler’s feet lower than head (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Semi-Fowler’s only sitting up 30 degrees feet lower than head (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Trendelenburg head lower than feet (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Decubitus horizontal view, lying on side (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 16)
Teratogen something that cause cancer (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 18)
Lordotic Inward curve of spine (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 18)
Kyphotic outward curve of spine (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 18)
Emesis vomiting (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 18)
Orthostatic hypotension getting light-headed when changing from a supine to sitting or standing position (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 18)
Ischemia lack of blood flow to tissue (DMS 301;Chapter 4;PPT Slide 18)
Reactive hyperemia a sudden rush of blood flow to extremity, seen in elderly and those with diabetes, occurs when changing from a supine to dependent position (supine to sitting or standing) (DMS 301;Chapter 4; PPT Slide 18)
ALARA as low as reasonably achievable (DMS 301; Chapter 4; PPT Slide 19)
4 Rules for Picking Up Objects or Lifting Objects 1) Bend at knees, not waist 2) Pull on an object, do not push 3) Keep body aligned, do not twist at waist 4) Keep objects close, do not reach (DMS 301;Chapter 4; PPT Slides 21-24)
Normal Body Temperature for Adult (14 years and older) 97.8℉ to 99.0℉ (36.7℃ to 37.4℃) (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 7)
Normal Body Temperature Child (5 to 13 years) 97.8℉ to 98.6℉ (36.7℃ to 37℃) (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 7)
Normal Body Temperature Infant (3months to 3 years) 99.0℉ to 99.7℉ (37.2℃ to 37.7℃) (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 7)
Average Pulse Rates: Adult, Child, and Infant Adult: 60 to 90 bpm Child: 90 to 100 bpm Infant: 120 bpm (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 21)
Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heart rate (over 100 bpm) (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 22)
Bradycardia is an abnormally slow heart rate (below 60 bpm). (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 22)
Respiration Rates-Average (Adult, Child, and Infant) Adult: 15 to 20 bpm Child (1 to 10 years): 20 to 30 bpm Infant (under 1 year): 30 to 60 bpm (DMS 301: Chapter 6; PPT Slide 27)
Normal BP Range (Adult, Adolescent, Child) Adult: Systolic: 110 to 120 mm Hg Diastolic: 60 to 80 mm Hg Adolescent: Systolic: 85 to 130 mm Hg Diastolic: 45 to 85 mm Hg Child: Systolic: 90 to 120 mm Hg Diastolic: 50 to 70 mm Hg (DMS 301; Chapter 6; PPT Slide 33)
Hypovolemic due to loss of blood or tissue fluid; type of shock (DMS 301;Chapter 9;PPT Slide 7)
Cardiogenic due to cardiac disorders (MI); type of shock (DMS 301;Chapter 9;PPT Slide 7)
Distributive due to the blood vessels’ inability to constrict and assist in the return of blood to the heart (3 types); type of shock (DMS 301;Chapter 9;PPT Slide 7)
Obstructive due to pathological conditions that interfere with the normal pumping action of the heart; type of shock (DMS 301;Chapter 9;PPT Slide 7)
Subjective Anything that the patient or significant other who accompanies the patient say in regards to their care (DMS 301;Chapter 3;PPT Slide 9)
Objective Anything you see, hear, feel, or read on the patient’s chart; or, information given by another health care worker. (DMS 301;Chapter 3;PPT Slide 9)
Early Signs of Anaphylactic Shock Dysphagia, Itching of palms and soles, and constriction of the throat (Lange Q&A; pg 3,20)
Examples of COPD Emphysema, Asthma, Bronchitis, Bronchiectasis (Lange Q&A; pg 2,17)
Cathartic Stimulates defecation (Lange Q&A, pg 22)
Diuretics Promote urine elimination (Lange Q&A, pg 22)
Emetics Induce vomiting (Lange Q&A, pg 22)
Antitussives Inhibit coughing (Lange Q&A, pg 22)
BUN BUN is a lab test that measures the nitrogen levels in the blood in the form of urea. (Lange Q&A, pg 25)
Normal Creatinine Levels A normal creatinine range is from 0.6 to 1.5 mg/dL. (Lange Q&A, pg 25)
Normal BUN Ranges The normal BUN range is 8 to 20 mg/mg/dL. (Lange Q&A, pg 25)
Patient Consent can be given in what three forms? Implied, Written, or Verbal (Lange Q&A, pg 3)
What are pathogenic microorganisms? Microorganisms that are capable of causing infection through the destruction of cells or tissues or secreting toxins. They can be transmitted from host to host. Implied, Written, or Verbal (Lange Q&A, pg 35)
What is the most important precaution of aseptic technique? Hand Washing (Lange Q&A; pg 36)
True or False: Hospital personnel can be susceptible hosts. True (Lange Q&A; pg 37)
What is the purpose of contrast media? To artificially increase subject contrast in body tissues and area where there is little natural subject contrast. (Lange Q&A; pg 59)
HIPPA Heath Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (Lange Q&A; pg 3)
Created by: blbrown1