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Religion Final

Paul's Letters

QuestionAnswer
Peters Pentecost Sermon (Acts) "Therefore let the entire house of Israel know with certainty that God has made him both Lord and Messiah, this Jesus whom you crucified”
Themes of Peter's Preaching Jesus was the Messiah.;God raised Jesus from dead;Jews should recognized this.;Instead, they guilty of having killed him.;Yet his death was part of God’s plan;apostles are witnesses of Jesus’s resurrection;Jews should repent and receive forgiveness
Stephen's Final Words Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing. . . . Father, into your hands I commend my spirit” (Luke 23:34, 46). • “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. . . . Lord, do not hold this sin against them” (Acts 7:59-60).
Undisputed letters Universally acknowledged as authentic letters of Paul; Romans 1&2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, Philemon
Deutero-Pauline Letters Authenticity uncertain due to linguistic/ theological differences from undisputed letters; Ephesians, Colossians, 2 Thessalonians
Pastoral Letters Very different linguistically from other letters, reflect more developed church structure, least likely to be genuine letters of Paul; 1&2 Timothy, Titus
Typical Features of Paul's Letters (1) Opening Formula (2) Thanksgiving (3) Body (doctrinal-what, ethnical-how) (4) Closing
The Parousia "coming"/"arrival" Jesus is coming back. No one knows when, so be ready. • His coming will trigger the resurrection of dead believers. • He will gather dead and living believers to himself. • His coming will also involve wrath against the wicked.
Key Themes of 1 Thessalonians (1) The Apostles’ Parental Love for the Thessalonians (2) Enduring Persecution (3) Sexual Purity (4) The Fate of Dead Believers (5) Being Prepared for the Parousia
Underlying Concerns in 1 Corinthians The Corinthians are divided. • Many have adopted a libertine attitude. • They continue to be influenced by Greek cultural values. • Many are prideful.
Major Topics in 1 Corinthians Divisions &Wisdom (1 Cor 1-4) • Sexual Conduct & Marriage (1 Cor 5-7) • Food Offered to Idols (1 Cor 8-10) • Spiritual Gifts (1 Cor 12-14) • Resurrection/The Parousia (1 Cor 15) • The Lord’s Supper (1 Cor 11)
Galatians The angriest/most confrontational letter of Paul. • The only one of Paul’s letters with no thanksgiving section
Central Problem in Galatians group of Jewish Christians has convinced some of the Gentile Christians that they must be circumcised in order to please God, which is contrary to what Paul had taught them.;These Jewish Christian antagonists of Paul are traditionally referred Judaizers.”
Pistis Christou Pistis can mean either “faith” or “faithfulness”• Pistis Christou could mean either “faith in Christ” or “the faithfulness of Christ”.
Major themes in Galatians Justification, The Holy Spirit, Abraham, curses, The Role of the Law, Freedom from Enslavement, Circumcision
Romans • Unlike Paul’s other letters, Romans is written to a church that he did not establish and that he had not yet visited. • Written from Corinth during Paul’s 3rd missionary journey (c. 57 CE), just before he journeyed to Jerusalem and was arrested.
Why Romans major part of Paul’s purpose in writing Romans is to defuse the hostility between Jews and Gentiles.• He attempts to do this by presenting the gospel in a way that breaks down the boundaries between the two groups.•less harsh than Galatians
Hebrews • Aims to convince Jewish Christians to remain faithful to the gospel despite persecution (perhaps by non-Christian Jews) • Presents Christ as superior to earlier Jewish figures/institutions • More like a sermon than an actual letter
Christ is superior to.... Prophets, angels, Moses, priests, The Covenant with Moses, Animal Sacrifices
Paul vs. James Rom 3:28 “We hold that a person is justified by faith apart from works prescribed by the law. ;Ja 2:14, 17 “What good is it, my brothers and sisters, if you say you have faith but dont have works? Can faith save you?. faith by itself, if it has no works
Revelation The word apocalypse means “uncovering” or “revelation” (not “catastrophe,” “end of the world,” etc.)
Apocalypse An apocalypse is a narrative in which a divine figure reveals to a human visions concerning the future and/or the supernatural realm. • Apocalypses often depict happenings on earth as being impacted by happenings in the supernatural realm.
Created by: jae_moore
 

 



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