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Religion Final

Flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Messianic Secret (Mark) Jesus always tells people not to tell of his miracles, keep it a secret. To allow Jesus freedom of movement, to reduce delay/opposition, to guard misunderstanding.
The Transfiguration (Mark) Jesus goes up to mountain with Peter, James, and John. Jesus's appearance is transformed, Moses & Elijah appear with him. God tells disciples :This is my son, the Beloved; listen to him!"
The Triumph Entry (Mark) Jesus enters Jerusalem riding a donkey colt. Crowds accompany Jesus and cry "Hosanna! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the coming kingdom of our ancestor David!"
Fig Tree & Temple (Mark) Day after Triumphal Entry, Jesus approaches Jer. and curses a fig tree when he finds that it has no fruit. He entered the temple & began to drive out those who were selling and those who were buying. He turned over the tables. Jesus's opponents laststraw
Last Supper (Mark) Jesus shares Passover meal with the disciples, credits one will betray him. Tells disciples that bread & wine represent his body & blood "poured out to many" Jesus predicts Peter's denial 3 times.
Garden of Gethsemane (Mark) Jesus asks Peter, James, John to pray with him but repeatedly falls asleep. Jesus prays that God would spare him from suffering ahead, but submits to God's will
Jesus's Arrest (Mark) Judas kisses Jesus to signal that he is the one to arrest. Jesus is taken to be questioned by chief priests. All disciples except Peter flee
Jesus before the high priest (Mark) Priests try to find witnesses against Jesus, but they all give contradictory also testimony. High priest asked: "Are you the Messiah, the son of the Blessed one?" Jesus said, "I Am..." High priest tore his clothes: "Why do we still need witnesses?
Jesus before Pontius Pilate (Mark) Roman prefect of Judea finds no real basis to execute Jesus, but agrees to do so to keep the Jews happy. Roman soldiers beat and mock Jesus, dress him like a king with thorns as a crown.
The Resurrection (Mark) Joseph of Arimatha buries Jesus in a tomb. On Sunday morning Mary Mag. and other women come to find Jesus's body gone. An angel appears, tells women that Jesus is risen, and that they should tell the disciples that Jesus will meet them in Galilee.
Jesus's Baptism by John (Mark) Jesus sees God's spirit descend on him, hears voice of God say "You are my Son the Beloved; with you I am well pleased", following the baptism, Jesus is tested by Satan in wilderness.
Jesus's Disciples (Mark) 12, "inner circle"-Simon Peter, James, John; Betrayed-Judah Iscariot; Denied-Peter
John the Baptist (Mark) Prepares way for Jesus's ministry/fulfills role of Elijah. Baptizes people in water as a symbol of cleansing from sin. Put to death by Herod Antipas.
Names of Jesus (Mark) Christ (the Messiah), Son of God, The Son of Man, Elijah?
Hellenization Adoption of Greek culture during the intertestemental, "Greekificataion", the intentional spread of Greek language, education, philosophy, religion, and culture as a means of unifying Alexander's vast empire
Diaspora Spread of Jews into a variety of regions during Persian/Hellenistic periods, have new freedoms
Antichous IV (Epiphanies) King of Seleuicids, encourages Jews to adopt Greek cultural practices, outlaws Jewish religious practices, burns Jewish scriptures, forces jews to participate in pagan sacrifices, executes those who resist, 167 BCE: Defiles Temple, sets up statue of Zeus
Judas Maccabeus 166-160 BCE Maccabean Revolt, "The Hammer", leads revolt against Seleucids, (163 BCE-he and his brothers rededicate the Temple*)
Hasmoneans 140-63 BCE; Descendents of Mattathias, rule Judea, function as both political leaders and high priests, but were not dependents of Aaron
Herod the Great Rules Judea on Rome's behalf, 37-4 BCE, partially Jewish ancestry, but loyal to Rome, renovates and expands temple
Zealots Essentially a sub-set of Pharisees, embrace their theology; but have a militant outlook ,favor armed revolt against Rome; their resistance to Roman rule ultimately leads to Roman-Jewish War
Essenes Priestly group, oppose Hasmonean dynasty, accept entire Tanakh as scripture, believe in afterlife, believe that God will soon launch was against evil, and that they will fight alongside him
Saducees Priestly aristocratic group, support Hasmonean dynasty, generally willing to cooperate with foreign rulers to maintain political influence, accept only Torah as authoritative scripture-limited canon; do not believe in afterlife, took things literal
Pharisees Ordinary Jews (not priests), oppose Hasmonean dynasty; accept entire Tanakh as authoritative scripture; believe in afterlife, Resurrection
Messiah Means "anointed one", Greek translation is "Christ" Some expected it to be a royal figure from line of David, high priest, prophet, heavenly figure
70 CE in Roman-Jewish war; Romans destroy the second temple
63 BCE Roman conquer Seleucids; civil war between rivals with Hasmonean family, leader Rome to incorporate Judea into Roman Republic, ending Jewish independence
167 BCE Launched by Mathiathis and his sons
163 BCE Rededication of the temple (origin of Hanukkah)
The Synoptic Problem Attempt to determine how the 3 Synoptic Gospels are related to each other on a literary level; two source and Q
Redaction Criticism Examines how authors have edited their source material and what their editorial choices may revel about their literary and theological aims
Gospel Means "good news", Christians originally used term to refer to "good news" concerning what God has done through Jesus of Nazareth
Mark shortest Gospel, 1st to be written
"Synoptic" and Synoptic Gospels "seeking together", Matthew, Mark, and Luke because they offer similar accounts of Jesus's ministry-many of the same stories in same sequence, often word-for-word agreement
Q Probably comes from German world Quelle, source, document used to add to Gospels because not all oral traditions could remember.
Created by: jae_moore