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Neuroanatomy II

Ortho Peds

Obesity is a top risk factor for ____ ____ ____ Type II DM
What is the most common cause of sports attrition? injuries
What is the #2 reason for sports attrition? addults
The NCSS reports that over half injuries are from ______ overuse
The NCSS reports that about ___% of injuries occur during practice. 62
The NCSs reports that children age 5 - 14 account for nearly ___% of all sports related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments. 40
Time of growth plate closure can vary but is usually between ages __ - __ 8 - 18
______ - layer of articular hyaline cartilage at ends of bones. The portion that articulates with adjacent bone to form joint. epiphysis
______ - layer of bone that leads to shaft of long bones metaphysis
______ - Cartilaginous structure located at the end of long bonesAttachment site for musculotendonous unit in immature skeleton throughout the bodyInflammation caused by tensile forces is referred to as Apophysitis apophysis
In children _____ are 2-4x stronger than bone. ligaments
The Tanner Staging (hormonal maturity) includes 5 levels where level 5 signals end of _______? growth
Salter-Harris Type ___ is purely transphyseal separation with no osseous fracture lines visible. Periosteal sleeve remains intact. Usually seen in younger patients Type I
Salter-Harris Type ___ is transphyseal separation and extension through the metaphysis on the compression side of the bone. Metaphyseal fragment stays attached to the epiphysis. Intact periosteal sleeve on compression side facilitates closed reduction. Type II
Salter-Harris Type ___ is partial separation through the physis with extension of the fracture line through the epiphysis and exiting out of the joint surface. Must be reduced anatomically to restore smooth articular surface. Type III
Salter-Harris Type ___ is a fracture extends from the joint surface, through the epiphysis and physis, exiting through the metaphyseal bone. Most common at lateral humeral condyle and medial malleolus Type IV
Salter-Harris Type ___ is a crush injury to the epiphyseal plate. Often appear normal at time of injury and shows up as growth arrest later. Very rare and hard to document. Type V
Erikson Model age ___ - ___, play is essential for developement 4 - 6
Erikson Model age ___ - ___, solidify ego through learning 6 - 11
Erikson Model age ___ - ___, identity seeking ages 12 - 20
What is the most common cause of back pain in adolescents? %47 spondylolysis
_____ affects 2-3% of all children, female more likely to progress Scoliosis
Scoliosis __ - __ degrees can only be detected with x-ray 0-25 degrees
Scoliosis __ - __ degrees may need brace 12 - 23 hrs/day 25-45 degrees
Scoliosis __ - __ degrees may need surgery >45 degrees
______ ______ is an anterior wedging of multiple thoracic or lumbar vertebral bodies causing increased kyphosis in the thoracic or lumbar spine Scheuermann’s Disease
_____ ______ ______ _____ is widening of secondary ossification centers around the pelvis Pelvic Apophyseal Avulsion Fractures
____-____-_____ is a condition of unknown etiology affecting growth and development of the capital femoral epiphysis Legg-Calve-Perthes
_____ ______ _____ ______ is a mechanical shearing failure of proximal femoral epiphysis with slippage, more common in males, and usually affects males over 11 years old Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
________ ______ has a clinical presentation of non-specific pain, worse with prolonged sitting, stairs, jumping, and sometimes running Patellofemoral Pain
Always check ____ of pediatric patients because pain can be referred to groin and knee hip
_______-______ ______ is a widening of the secondary ossification center at the tibial tuberosity Osgood-Schlatter Disease
____-_____-_____ ______ is a Calcification or Ossification at the immature inferior patellar pole Sinding-Larsen-Johansson Disease
Teaching supine hamstring stretching in a doorway helps eliminate ____ and ___ compensatory motion hip and back
_____ ______ _____ is a lesion of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone before closure of the growth plates,Onset in early adolescents with males 3-4 times more frequent Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)
Created by: txst spr 2009