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Neuroanatomy II

Oral Motor for PTs

Swallowing involves neurological mediation from the _______ & _______ brainstem & cortex
Sucking, mastication, and initiation of swallowing are all part of the ______ phase oral
Taking a bite of fruit is an example of _____ bolus. partitioned
The _____ covers the larynx during the pharyngeal phase to allow swallowing epiglottis
______, _______, & _______ are the phases of swallowing oral, pharyngeal, esophageal
Swallowing is generally followed by ________ expiration
What are some muscles that making breathing and eating easier? *hint think postural muscles int & ext obliques, int intercostals, TrA, thoracolumbar fascia, RA, QL
__________ & ___________ are both studies used to assess aspiration risks video fluoroscopic study (VFSS) & modified barium swallow study (MBS)
Name 4 possible causes for swallowing difficulty cortical damage, postural instability, reflux, fistula
What are 3 different types of medical intervention for patients with swallowing difficulty? central line/IV, G tubes, blended food diets
What are 4 major categories of head and neck disorders causing dysphagia? tumors, autoimmune diseases, reflux, and infections
What are 4 things PTs should be focusing on when working with patients who have swallowing/breathing issues? postural stability, positioning, strengthening, and the rib cage
Created by: txst spr 2009



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