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Cardiovascular Meds

Reviews cardiovascular medication

QuestionAnswer
Nitrates action Relaxes blood vessels and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload.
Hyperlipidemia medication/ HMG CoA Reductase inhibitors action Interfere with the livers ability to make cholesterol
Diuretics action They cause the body to rid itself of excess fluids and sodium through urination. excess fluid in the body can lead to high blood pressure
ACE inhibitors action They stop the body's ability to produce angiotensin II, a natural substance that causes blood vessels to tighten (contract)
ARB's action Used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. rather than lowering levels of angiotensin II, angiotensin II receptor blockers prevent this chemical from having any effects on the heart and blood vessels
Beta Adrenergic Blockers action They do this by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors in various parts of the body. this prevents epinephrine from stimulating these receptors. They may be used to treat abnormal heart rhythms and prevent abnormally fast heart rate or irregular rhythms
Calcium Channel Blockers action Blocks the movement of calcium into heart and blood vessel, which relax blood vessels, lowering blood pressure, slowing the heart rate and decreasing oxygen demands of the heart .
Anticoagulants action Decrease the ability of blood to clot.
Common vasodilator endings "nitrate"
Common ending for HMGCoA Reductase Inhibitors "statin"
Common ending for loop diuretics "mide"
Common ending for ACE inhibitor "pril"
Common ending for ARB's "sartan"
Common ending for beta blockers "olol"
Common ending for calcium channel blockers "pine"
Common side-effect of nitrates headaches because of dilation of cerebral arteries
Common side-effect of statins HMG-hepotoxicity, myalgia, pregnancy category X
Common side-effect of anticoagulants bruising, bleeding
Common side-effect of ACE inhibitors headache, cough, taste disturbance...Adverse-angioedema..watch potassium
Common side-effect/adverse of beta blockers 3-B's-bradycardia, bronchospasm, blood sugar changes (hypo, hyper, or mask symptoms.
Common side-effect of calcium channel blockers C.C.B>-Cabeza dolor (head-ache), constipation, bradycardia.
Common side-effect/adverse effects of loop diuretics Hypokalemia
Cardiac Glycoside medication digoxin
Side-effects of digoxin toxicity nausea/vomiting/visual disturbances
Standard nursing assessment prior to digoxin administration Apical pulse for one full minute
List 2 anticoagulants that affect clotting cascade Heparin and Warfarin(Coumidin)
Coumidin antidote Vitamin K ( labs-PT-INR)
Heparin antidote PMS-protamine sulfate (labs-PTT)
Aldactone aldosterone inhibitor -potassium sparing diuretic
List 2 anti-plateles Aspirin, clopidogrel(Plavix)
Antianginals Decrease angina by dilating arteries and veins
Anticoagulants and anti platelet prevent the formation of clots
Thrombolytics Dissolve blood clots
Antifibrinolytic Help form clots
Hematopoietic Stimulate the growth of blood cells
Dysrhythmias Heart rhythm irregularities
Cardiac glycoside Drug made up of sugars that strengthens the hearts contractility. Example digoxin
Bile acid sequestrates Drugs that lower cholesterol by forming complexes with bile acids and thus cause the over to make more bile acids from cholesterol. Example:cholestramine (Question)
Fibric acid derivatives Drugs that lower triglycerides levels by inhibiting the liver from producing VLDL clofibrate, fenofibric (endings have fibric fibrate"
Signs of anaphylactic shock Difficulty breathing , bronchoconstriction, decreased cardiac output, edema, increased heart rate, hives, itching and vasodilation. Tx-epi pen
Created by: tgwin7
 

 



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