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Psych Disorders

Psychological Disorders Chap. 15

TermDefinition
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) characterized by a pervasive and excessive state of anxiety lasting at least 6 months
Panic attacks episodes of extreme anxiety associated with perceptions of threat and occurring because of the fear of danger, inability to escape, embarrassment, or specific objects
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) triggered by exposure to a catastrophic or horrifying event that poses serious harm or threat/ causes shrunken hippocampus
Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder) pronounced fear of humiliation in the presence of others
Obsession unwanted and intrusive thoughts, words, phrases, or images that persistently and repeatedly comes into a person's mind and causes distress
Compulsion repetitive behavior performed in response to uncontrollable urges or according to a ritualistic set of rules (negative reinforcement)
Disruptive mood disorder frequent outburst & chronic irritability
Major depressive disorder characterized by pervasive low mood, low energy, lack of motivation for at least two weeks
Persistent depressive disorder milder than major depressive disorder but lasts longer
Psychotic disorders disorders of thought and perception, characterized by the inability to distinguish between real and imagined perceptions
Schizophrenia characterized by significant disturbances in thought and emotion, specifically problems with perception, including hallucinations
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) development of at least two distinct personalities, each with its own memories, thoughts, behaviors, and emotions
Somatic Symptom Disorder multiple physical ailments affecting several different body parts and systems
Illness Anxiety Disorder preoccupation with having or acquiring a serious illness
Factitious Disorder falsified symptoms or psychological symptoms or self inflicted injury or disease with intent to deceive
Schizoid Personality Disorder wants a solitary life, disinterested in close, social relationships, humorless
Schizotypal Personality Disorder Isolated and asocial and has very odd thoughts and beliefs EX. might think stories in the newspaper are written directly about them
Paranoid Personality Disorder extremely suspicious and mistrustful of other people in ways that are both unwarranted and not adaptive
Histrionic Personality Disorder wants to be the center of attention, emotional, intense, dramatic, seductive, flamboyant
Borderline Personality Disorder out of control emotions, fear of abandonment, likely to hurt themselves or suffer from eating and or substance abuse disorders
Narcissistic Personality Disorder extremely positive and arrogant self image and attention is self focused
Antisocial Personality Disorder impulsive, deceptive, violent, ruthless behavior, engage in criminal behavior
Avoidant Personality Disorder afraid of being criticized, avoid interacting with others, become socially isolated, have low self esteem
Dependent Personality Disorder fear being rejected, strong need to be cared for, feel safe only in relationships
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder very rigid in habits, extremely perfectionistic, more general than obsessive compulsive disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) inability to focus attention for more than a few minutes, to remain still and quiet, to do careful work
Autism characterized by severe language and social impairment along with repetitive habits and inward focused behaviors
High functioning Autism impaired social interest and skills and restricted interests but not delayed or deficient in language
Created by: shana.lovera