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positioning final

# of bones in the hand 27
another name for scaphoid navicular
another name for lunate semilunar
another name for triquetrum triquetral, cuneiform and triangular
another name for pisiform no other name
another name for trapezium greater multangular
another name for trapezoid lesser multangular
another name for capitate os magnum
another name for hamate unciform
why do you do a ap oblique hand norgaard/ballcatchers? rheumatoid arthritis
why do you do a pa wrist with ulnar deviation? to visualize scaphoid
how do you do a pa axial scaphoid, stecher? elevate finger end of ir 20 degrees and shoot at scaphoid
how to do tangential carpal canal, gaynor hart? wrist on ir, bend fingers back, cr 1 inch distal to base of 3rd metatarsal 25-30 down.
rotation for oblique elbows? 45 degrees
how to do the axiolateral coyle method for the radial head? flex elbow 90 degrees and shoot 45 degrees towards the shoulder
how to do the axiolateral coyle method for the coronoid process? flex elbow 80 degrees and shoot 45 degrees away from the shoulder.
positioning for ap shoulder with external rotation? supinate the hand so the humoral epicondyles are parallel to the Ir. greater tubercle in profile
positioning for ap shoulder with neutral rotation? rest palm on the thigh. epicondyles form 45 degrees with ir
positioning for ap shoulder with internal rotation? rest back of hand on hip, epicondyles perpendicular to ir. lesser tubercle in profile
where is the cr for the ap shoulder? 1 inch below the coroniod process
what is the main reason for the ap oblique grashey? to see the glenoid cavity
positioning for the ap oblique grashey rotate 35-45 degrees toward affected side. place hand on stomach
CR for the ap oblique grashey? 2 inches medial and 2 inches inferior to superolateral boarder of shoulder
positioning for the transthoracic lateral shoulder? raise the unaffected arm, center ir to surgical neck of humerus
CR for transthoracic lateral shoulder? perpendicular to surgical neck. angle 10-15 cephalad if pt cant raise unaffected arm
Positioning for inferosuperior axial shoulder, lawrence and rafert? abduct the arm minimum of 20 degrees. humerus in external rotation.
CR for inferosuperior axial shoulder lawrence? thru armpit 15-30 degree medially
Cr for inferosuperior axial shoulder rafert? 15 dgrees medially thru armpit. for hill sachs defect
position for pa oblique shoulder, scapular y? put anterior side of affected shoulder on ir with body rotated 45 to 60 degrees
CR for pa oblique shoulder, scapular y? perpendicular to scapulohumeral joint
positioning for shoulder outlet, neer method? put affected shoulder on ir. rotate pt 45-60 degrees.
CR for shoulder outlet, neer method? 10-15 degrees caudad to enter superior humoral head
positioning for bilateral ac joints? have shoulders lie in same horizontal plane. take 2 pics with and without weights to open joint, only if there is absolutely no dislocation.
CR for bilateral AC joints? perpendicular to midline of body at level of ac joints
What is the advantage of doing clavicles pa? reduces oid
What is the advantage of doing ap axial clavicles?(lordotic and 0-15 cephald) projects clavicle above ribs
positioning for ap scapula? abduct affected arm to make a right angle with the body
CR for ap scapula? perpendicular, 2 inches inferior to coronid process
positioning for lateral scapula? put pt in lao or rao, affected side on ir. 45-60 degree rotation
CR for lateral scapula perpendicular to midscapula
positioning for ap oblique scapula? turn away from affected side to rotate shoulder 15-25 degrees
what is the largest sesamoid in the body? patella
how to do tangential sesamoids (lewis and holly) prone for lewis, seated for holly. dorsiflex foot. center to 1st mtp
which things are well shown on the oblique foot (30 degree)? cuboid in profile and sinus tarsi
CR for all foot x rays? base of the third metatarsal
How to do ap axial foot, composite method? for 1st exposure, put unaffected foot in back. angle 15 degrees posteriorly to base of 3rd metatrsal. for 2nd put unaffected foot forward. angle 25 degrees anteriorly to posterior ankle.
how to do axial calcaneus, plantodorsal supine. dorsiflex foot and angle 40 cephalad near base of 3rd metatarsal
how to do axial calcaneus, dorsoplantar prone. dorsiflex ankle and shoot 40 caudal to ankle
Lateral calcaneus CR 1 inch distal to medial malleolus
rotation for mortise ankle? 15-20 medially
which side does the patella lie toward? medial side
knee angle for a less than 19 cm pelvis? 3-5 caudad
knee angle for a 19-24 cm pelvis? 0
knee angle for a pelvis bigger than 24 cm? 3-5 cephalad
lateral knee angle? 5-7 cephalad
limb rotation for oblique knee? 45 degrees
how to do pa axial tunnel holmblad method? flex knee 70 degrees with patella on ir. shoot thru superior aspect of popliteal fossa
how to do pa axial tunnel, camp coventry? flex knee 40 or 50 degrees. shoot thru popliteal fossa and angle to match knee flexion
how to do tangential patella, hughston method? prone. tibia and fibula should form 50-60 degree angle with table. foot on collimator. angle 45 cephalad
how to do tangential patella, merchant method? supine. flex knee 40 degrees. shoot 30 caudad at patellofemoral joint
how to do tangential patella, settegast method? supine or prone. flex knee so patella is perpendicular to ir. angle 15-20 degrees thru patellofemoral space
Which pelvis is wide and shallow? female
How to do ap pelvis? medially rotate feet 15-20 degrees medial, heels 8-10 inch apart. center 2 inches inferior to asis and 2 inches superior to pubic symphysis.
how to do ap oblique femoral necks, modified cleaves abduct thigh 20-45 degrees, shoot 1 in abouve pubic syphysis or at femoral neck
ap hip rotate leg 15-20 degrees medially. shoot at femoral neck
positioning for lateral hip, lauenstein and hickey put body of femur parallel to table
CR for lateral hip lauenstein 20-25 cephalic to hip joint
CR for lateral hip, hickey 20-25 cephalic and 1 inch inferior to hip joint
positioning for axiolateral hip, danelius miller supine. center greater trochanter to ir. medially rotate leg 15-20 degrees. put ir at hip to be parallel to femoral neck.
CR for axiolateral hip, danelius miller horizontal and thru femoral neck
positioning for axiolateral hip, clements nakayama supine. leave leg in neutral position. put grid parallel to femoral neck and tilt back 15 degrees
CR for axiolateral hip clemets nakayama 15 degrees posteriorly and perpendicular to femoral neck
ap oblique judet, internal purpose for iliopubic column and posterior acetabulum
ap oblique judet internal positioning affected side up to form 45 degrees with table. shoot 2 inches inferior to affected asis
ap oblique judet, external purpose for ilioishial column and anterior acetabulum
ap obliue judet external positioning affected side down to form 45 degrees. shoot at pubic symphysis
ap axial outlet shoot 2 inches inferior to superior boarder of pubic syphysis. angle 20-35 cephalad for men or 30-45 for women
superoinferior axial inlet shoot 40 caudad to the level of asis
ap dens fuchs tip of chin and mastoid process are vertical. shoot just distal to tip of chin
ap dens open mouth open mouth. pronate ahh. msp perpendicular to table. shoot into mouth
ap axial cspine shoot 15-20 cephalad thru c4
lateral c spine roll shoulders posteriorly. shoot thru c4
ap axial oblique cspine turn to 45 degree angle. shoot 15-20 cephalad to c4
why do you do ap axial oblique cspine? intervertebral foramen
why do you do lateral swimmers for cspine? to see c7-t1 if not on regular lateral.
ap tspine shoot halfway between jugular notch and xiphoid process or t7
ap oblique lumbar rotate affected side toward ir 45 degrees. to see zygopophyseal joints
CR for lateral and decub abdomen 2 inches above iliac crest
Created by: beanso