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Healy Poetry Terms

and Definitions Grade 8

form the way a poem looks on the page, its shape
lines arrangement of words in a poem, may or may not be sentences
stanza group of lines arranged together, similar to the paragraph in prose
free verse poems without pattern or stanza, often like a conversation
rhyme sounds that are alike at the end of words
rhythm the beat of a poem, made of patterns of accented and unaccented words
repetition the repeating of sounds, words, phrases, or lines for an effect
imagery words and phrases that appeal to the five senses
figurative language words and phrases that help readers picture things in new ways
simile comparison of two things using the words "like" or "as"
metaphor a direct comparison of two unlike things, without "like" or "as"
personification a description of an animal or object as if it were human or had human qualities
speaker the voice that talks to the reader, similar to narrator
theme the message or main idea the poet gives the reader, can be directly stated or implied
alliteration repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
onomatopoeia use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
meter measured pattern of the rhythm of a poem
mood feeling a poem gives the reader
antonym words that are opposite in meaning
assonance the repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or line of poetry.
connotation the personal or emotional associations called up by a word that go beyond its dictionary meaning.
couplet group of two consecutive lines in poetry that usually rhyme
denotation the dictionary meaning of a word.
figurative language a form of language use in which writers and speakers mean something other than the literal meaning of their words.
homonym two or more distinct words with the same pronunciation and spelling but with different meanings
homophone two or more words with the same pronunciation but with different meanings and spellings.
hyperbole an exaggeration of the truth
image a concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea.
lyric poem a poem that expresses thoughts and emotions
mood feeling a poem gives the reader
narrative poem a poem that tells a story
onomatopoeia use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
personification a description of an animal or object as if it were human or had human qualities
quatrain group of four consecutive lines in poetry
rhyme scheme the pattern of rhymes in a poem labeled with letters of the alphabet.
setting the time and place of a literary work that establishes its context.
structure the design or form of a literary work.
symbol an object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself.
synonym one of two or more words that have the same or nearly the same meanings.
tone the implied attitude of a writer (or speaker) toward the subject and characters of a work.
wordplay the skillful manipulation of words, often for humorous effect
concrete poem a poem whose shape on the page suggests something about the subject or theme
Created by: danohealy