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behavioral disorders

behavioral disorders for bio psych

QuestionAnswer
Acute conditions conditions having a sudden onset and a strong possibility of ending quickly
Antipsychotic drug that relieves schizophrenia
Atypical antidepressants miscellaneous group of drugs with antidepressant effects but only mild side effects
Bipolar disorder condition in which a person alternates between the two poles of mania and depression
Bipolar I disorder condition including full-blown episodes of mania
Bipolar II disorder condition with only mild manic phases, characterized mostly by agitation or anxiety
Butyrophenones class of antipsychotic drugs that includes haloperidol
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) first drug found to relieve the positive symptoms of schizophrenia
Chronic conditions conditions having a gradual onset and long duration
Concordance pair of twins is concordant for a trait if both of them have it or if neither has it
Delusions beliefs that other people regard as unfounded, such as the belief that one is being severely persecuted
Differential diagnosis identification of a condition as distinct from all similar conditions
Dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia proposal that schizophrenia is due to excess activity at certain dopamine synapses
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) electrically inducing a convulsion in an attempt to relieve depression or other disorder
Glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia proposal that schizophrenia is due to deficient activity at certain glutamate synapses
Hallucination sensory experience that does not correspond to reality
Lithium element whose salts are often used as a therapy for bipolar disorder
Major depression state of feeling sad, helpless, and lacking in energy and pleasure for weeks at a time
Mania condition of restless activity, excitement, laughter, self-confi dence, and few inhibitions
Mesolimbocortical system set of neurons that project from the midbrain tegmentum to the limbic system
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) drug that blocks the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO), a presynaptic terminal enzyme that metabolizes catecholamines and serotonin into inactive forms
Negative symptom absence of a behavior ordinarily seen in normal people (e.g., lack of emotional expression)
Neurodevelopmental hypothesis proposal that schizophrenia is based on abnormalities in the prenatal or neonatal development of the nervous system, which lead to subtle but important abnormalities of brain anatomy and major abnormalities in behavior
Phencyclidine (PCP) drug that inhibits type NMDA glutamate receptors; at low doses, produces intoxication and slurred speech, and at higher doses, produces both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia
Phenothiazines class of antipsychotic drugs that includes chlorpromazine
Positive symptom presence of a behavior not seen in normal people
Postpartum depression depression after giving birth
Schizophrenia disorder characterized both by a deteriorating ability to function in everyday life and by some combination of hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder, movement disorder, and inappropriate emotional expressions
Season-of-birth effect tendency for people born in winter to have a greater probability of developing schizophrenia than people born in other seasons
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) period of depression that recurs seasonally, such as in winter
Second-generation antipsychotics drugs that alleviate schizophrenia without serious risk of producing movement disorders
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drug that blocks the reuptake of serotonin into the presynaptic terminal
Substance-induced psychotic disorder condition that includes hallucinations and delusions, provoked by large, repeated doses of a drug
Tardive dyskinesia side effect of neuroleptic drugs characterized by tremors and other involuntary movements
Tricyclic drug that prevents the presynaptic neuron that releases serotonin or catecholamine molecules from reabsorbing them
Unipolar depression mood disorder with only one extreme (or pole), generally depression
Created by: jondoh