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Nason Chapter 14

Stress and Health Vocab

Vocab WordDefinition
Behavioral Medicine an interdisciplinary field that integrates behaviorial and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
Health Psychology a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
Stress the process by which we percieve and respond to current events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
General Adaptive Syndrome (GAS) Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in 3 stages- alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
Coronary Heart Disease the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries
Type A Friedman and Roseman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
Type B Friedman and Rosenman's term for easy-going, relaxed people
Psychophysiological Illness literally "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches- distinct from hypochondriasis
Lymphocytes the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system. B's form in the bone marrow and releases antibodies that fight bacterial infections. T's form in the thymus and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances
Coping alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
Problem-Focused Coping attempting to alleviate stress directly- by changing the stressor or the way we interact with the stressor
Emotion-Focused Coping attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction
Aerobic Exercise sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may alleviate dpression and anxiety
Biofeedback a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state
Complementary and Alternative Medicine unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companies
Created by: cookie_luv