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Cardiac/Pulmonary

Vital Signs (PTA)

QuestionAnswer
BP: normal Adult 100-140/ 60-90 mm Hg
BP: normal Child 90-110/50-70 mm Hg
BP: normal Infant 60-90/30-55 mm Hg
BP: HTN: Adult- borderline >140-159/90-99 mm Hg
BP: HTN: Adult- moderate >160-179/100-109 mm Hg
BP: HTN: Adult- severe >180/110 mm Hg
BP: HTN: Child >120/80 mm Hg
BP: HTN: Infant >90/60 mm Hg
BP: Hypotension: Systolic <100 mm Hg
HR: normal Adult 60-100 bpm
HR: normal Child 80-100 bpm
HR: normal Infant 100-130 bpm
HR: Tachycardia (adults) Resting HR > 100 bpm
HR: Bradycardia (adults) Resting HR < 60 bpm
RR: normal Adult 12-18
RR: normal Infant 30-50
RR: Tachypnea (Adult) >20
RR: Bradypnea (Adult) <10
Resting HR baseline; rate of the heart before applying stress; normal is 60-100 bpm for adults
______ have higher resting HR & ______ have lower resting HR. Infants- higher (rapidly changing due to greater metabolic needs); Athletes- lower (more efficient stroke volume)
Basal HR rate following extended bed rest (before activity); no stress
Max. HR absolute fastest rate that is safe to reach during activities
How to calculate Max HR 220-age
Target HR optimum rate to achieve aerobic fitness from exercise
How to calculate Target HR (normal adults) 60-80% of Max. HR
Who has lower BP? athletes & babies (greater elasticity of vascular walls)
Who has higher BP? elderly (less elasticity of vascular walls)
HTN Risk Factors obesity, physical activity, fitness level, excessive nicotine/alcohol/salt, diet, arteriosclerosis, kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, advanced age, race, heredity
Signs of Hypotension light-headedness, syncope, diaphoresis, fatigue, weakness
Created by: s1234