Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Physical Agents

Superficial Heat (PTA)

HP(hot pack): hydrocollator water temperature 158-167 F
HP (hot pack): amount of heating time in hydrocollator between each use 30 min.
HP: number of towel layers 6-8
HP: 1 HP cover= ____ towel layers 2-3
When are additional towel layers needed for HP? When pt. lies on top of HP.
Paraffin is used to heat distal extremities
Paraffin should be maintained at what temperature? 113-126 F
Paraffin should NOT be left on for longer than 20 min.
IR (infrared Lamp) uses ______ heat to superficially heat tissues. radiant
The main therapeutic effect of IR soft tissue healing
Negatives about IR (why it is declining in use) limited depth of penetration, dehydrating effects, risk of burns
IR: Pt. should be positioned _____ inches away from source. Treatment time should last for ______ minutes. 20, 20
IR: As the distance _________, the intensity will _________, and the total treatment time should ___________. decreases, increase, decrease
Fluidotherapy uses what type of heat? convection
Fluidotherapy: therapeutic effects tissue healing, skin desensitization, prevention of edema
Fluidotherapy: Positives allows for active movement during treatment; temperature remains constant
Fluidotherapy: Negatives Expensive; extremity may require being placed in dependent position
Fluidotherapy: temperature 111-125 F
Fluidotherapy:treatment time 20 min.
Indications for Superficial Heat pain control, increase ROM, decrease joint stiffness, accelerate healing, IR for psoriasis & dermal ulcers
Precautions for Superficial Heat pregnancy, impaired circulation, poor thermal regulation, edema, cardiac insufficiency, metal in the area, over an open wound, over areas where topical counterirritants have recently been applied
Contraindications for Superficial Heat acute injury or inflammation, recent or potential hemorrhage, thrombophleblitis, impaired sensation and/or mentation, malignancy, IR to eyes
Adverse Effects of Superficial Heat burns, fainting, bleeding, skin & eye damage from IR
Created by: s1234
Popular Physical Therapy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards