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Physical Agents

E-Stim (PTA)

A SMALL electrode has _____ current density, ____ impedance, & _____ current flow. increased, increased, decreased
a LARGE electrode has _____ current density, _____ impedance, & ______ current flow. decreased, decreased, increased
a pt. is more susceptible to pain & potential tissue damage when a _______ sized electrode is used. smaller
An example of Direct Current (DC) (AKA Galvanic) Iontophoresis
Alternating Current (AC) is used for... muscle retraining, spasticity, stimulation of denervated muscle
Interferential Current (IFC) is used for... pain management, muscle contraction
IFC parameters for pain management: frequency: 50-120 pps, pulse width: 50-150 microseconds
IFC parameters for muscle contraction: frequency: 20-50 pps, pulse width: 100-200 microseconds
Russian Current: type of current, waveform... AC; polyphasic waveform; a type of NMES/FES
Indications for Russian Current Muscle contraction/strengthening (used in healthy individuals, athletes)
HVPC (High Volt Pulsed Current) monophasic pulsed current
Indications for HVPC Wound & pain management, soft tissue edema, levator ani syndrome, muscle weakness or spasm, Bell's palsy
Created by: s1234