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test n measures

hip and pelvis

QuestionAnswer
ilium, ischium, and pubis are bones of the? pelvis
sacroiliac joint is a _______ joint. plantar joint
acetabular spatial orientation is 3 positions. what are they? anteriorly, laterally, inferiorly
women are ________ and men are _________ when it comes to acetabular spatial orentation. anteriorly (women), inferiorly (men)
this joint connects LE with the trunk, synovial ball -and- socket joint and has 3 degrees of freedom. what is this joint? hip
what are 3 closed pack positions for the hip? extension, abduction, IR
what is the capsular pattern for the hip? marked IR> flexion and abduction
when palpating the hip, start with ? ASIS
what is the muscle the IT Band comes from? tensor fascia latae
name 4 muscles of the hip anatomy that you can palpate? gluteus maximus, gluteus medius , sacrospinous ligament, sacrotuberous ligament
this ligament originates from ASIS to pubic tubercule, helps form femoral triangle. what is this ligament? inguinal ligament
this triangle is lateral to medial with NAVEL. name the triangle? femoral triangle
NAVEL stands for? nerve, artery, vein, empty space, lymph node
motion in 3 planes: flexion, extension from flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, ER, IR, IR with hip, ER with hip are all what type of joint motions? triaxial joint
flexion 0 to 120 degrees and extention 0 to 20-30 degrees is hip osteokinematic in _______ plane? saggital
abduction 0 to 40-45 degrees and adduction 0- 20-30 degrees is hip osteokinematic in ________ plane? frontal
IR 0 to 45 degrees and ER 0 to 45 degrees is hip osteokinematic in ______ plane? transverse
tendency for rotation _________ __________. increase anteversion. (toe in, hip in) excessive anteversion
decrease anteversion with ? toe out, hip out
hip deformity; angle between head/neck and shaft is increased (>135). lengthens the leg. what coax is this? coxa valga
hip deformity; angle between head/neck and shaft is decreased. shortens the leg what coxa is this? coxa vara
you can have a ________ between the neck and greater trochanter. fracture
at the femoral head ; a _______ ______ _______ epiphysis can occur. this will cause your leg to be shorten and very painful. slipped capital femoral epiphysis
erector spinae (contracting) and rectus femoris (elongating)= forward stretching of the ? what kind of tilt is this? hamstrings (anterior pelvic tilt)
rectus abdominis (contracting) and gluteus maximus (elongating)= backward stretching of the ? hip flexors (posterior pelvic tilt)
axis- greater trochanter, stationary arm- mid-line of trunk , moving arm- lateral condyle of femur. what ROM test is this? flexion (120 degrees)
axis- greater trochanter, stationary arm- mid-line of trunk , movoving arm- lateral condyle of femur. what ROM test is this? extension (20-30 degrees)
hip extension can not get to normal range (20-30) because? sitting all day; hip flexors tight
axis- ipsilateral ASIS, stationary arm- across ASIS to other ASIS, moving arm- front of femur(patella). start at 90 degrees .what ROM is this? abduction and adduction
axis- front of patella, stationary arm- perpendicular to floor, moving arm- midline to tibia . use towel under leg. look at the hip for motion. what ROM is this? IR and ER (0-45)
axis- greater trochanter, stationary arm- mid-line of trunk, moving arm- lateral condyle of femur. extend the knee to isolate the femur. normal range (70-80 degrees)- hip flexion with knee extention. what ROM test is this? hamstrings
instead of using goniometry for hamstrings, you can do ? heel to table with measuring tape
in MMT, hip flexor uses 2 muscles. ________( lumbar plexus ) and ________ (femoral nerve) psoas major and iliacus
full hip,extension with knee flexed < 45 degrees (leg bent- tightness in rectus femoris) and if hip lacking extension with knee flexed < 45 degrees (straight leg- tightness in iliopsoas and rectus femoris. what special test is this? Thomas test
a positive test shows the leg unable to adduct and touch the table is indicated in IT Band ( tensor fasicae latae) tightness. leg retracts like a spring board since the leg remains abducted in mid air. what special test is this? Ober's Test
in MMT, hip extension uses 4 muscles. ________ (inferior gluteal nerve) can be isolated by bending knee, the other 3 are in the hamstring group (sciatic nerve- tibia part). gluteus maximus, semitendinosus , semimembranosus , biceps femoris
in MMT, hip abduction uses 2 muscles. _____ and ______ are innervated by (superior gluteal nerve ). gluteus medius and gluteus minimus
In MMT, hip adduction uses 5 muscles. _____ (femoral nerve), these 3 are innervated by obturator nerve _______, _________, _________, and _______ obturator nerve. pectineus , adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis
in MMT, hip ER uses 7 muscles. _____ (obturator nerve), _____ ( obturator internus), _____ (quadratus femoris nerve), ______ ( pisiformis nerve), ______ (obturator internus), _____ (quadratus femoris nerve), ______ (inferior gluteal nerve). obturator externus, obturator internus, quadratus femoris, pisiformis , gemellus superior , gemellus inferior , gluteus maximus
in MMT, hip IR uses 3 muscles. _______ and _________, anterior fibers (superior gluteal nerve), ______ (superior gluteal nerve) gluteus medius and gluteus minimus, tensor fasciae latae
a positive special test, when pain or apprehension is indicative of hip joint pathology, such as arthritis, osteochondral defects, avascular necrosis or acetabular labrum defects. what test is this hip scour
a positive test involving the lower extremity not abducting below the level of noninvolved lower extremity. indication of iliopsoas, sacroiliac joint or even hip joint abnormalities .limited ROM like arthritis, femero acetabular impingement syndrome faber / Patrick test (flexion, abduction, ER)
a positive test for weak abductors ( gluteus medius). the pelvis on unsupported side drops . trendenlenburg sign
a positive test for tightness and pain in the hip and butt area will be piriformis. shooting pain, numbness and tingling in butt and thigh(sciatic nerve). what is this test? pisiformis / fair test ( flexion, adduction, IR)
a positive test for pain when hip flexes when knee is flexes. if pelvis rises up the rectus femoris is tight. what test is this? ely test
Created by: Shannon10
 

 



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