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Intelligence (ch.7)

General Intelligence vs. Specific Intelligence G factor - Wider ability, general intelligence, ability to reason and solve problems. S factor. - Task specific abilities in certain areas such as music, business, or art
Intellectual disability Neurodevelopmental disorder - deficits in mental disabilities. Adaptive behavior is severly below the appropriate level for the person's age.
What are causes for intellectual disability Limitations begin in the developmental period. Ex. lead poisoning, mercury exposure, malnutrition. Ex. down syndrome, fetal alchohol syndrome, fragile x syndrome
Name a couple problem solving methods Trial and error, Insight, Algorythm, Heuristic (rule of thumb)
Name 3 barriers to problem solving Functional fixedness, mental set, confirmation bias
Describe functional fixedness (barrier to problem solving) Thinking about objects in terms of only their typical functions
Describe mental set (barrier to problem solving) Tendency of people to persist in using problem-solving patterns that have worked for them in the past
Describe confirmation bias (barrier to problem solving) Tendency to search for evidence that fits one's beliefs while ignoring any evidence to the contrary.
What is the equation for the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) IQ = MA/CA x 100 (ma: mental age; ca: chronological age)
What is a standardized test? Giving a test to a large group of people that represents the kind of people for whom the test is designed
Define creativity Solving prblems by combining ideas or behavior in new ways
Define and give characteristics of divergent thinking A person starts at one point and comes up with many different ideas or possibilities based on that point. Brainstorming, keeping a journal, freewriting, mind or subject matter
Define giftedness Lees than half of one percent of the population. IQ of 140-145. Genious level with about 2 percent of the population with an IQ of 130 for a child I guess
Who were Terman's "termites" Did well socially and vocationally. They were healthy, lived longer, were taller, more stable marriages, etc. He followed these gifted kids to study them and prove they weren't awakard, grew up to be successful, and were attractive
Robert Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence - 3 parts Analytical; Creative; Practical
Gardners theory of intelligence. How many parts? What are they 9 Parts: Verbal; Logical mathematical; Musical; Visual special; Movement; Interpersonal; Intrapersonal; Existential
What did spearman find? G factor and S factor intelligence
What did Weschler find? Ability to learn from experiences, acquire knowledge, and use resources Verbal IQ Performance IQ. The Weschler adult intelligence scale
Define language A system of combining symbols so that an infinite number of meaningful statements can be made for the purpose of communicating with others
List 5 parts of language Phonemes; Morphemes; Syntax; Simantics; Pragmatics
Talk about heretibility The Big 5 traits are highly heritable: similarly found in many more identical twin pairs than fraternal twins.
Created by: sara_hillyer