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Geography Handbook T

Vocabulary for the handbook

Absolute Location The exact spot where something is located, usually its latitude and longitude.
Cardinal Directions Located on the compass rose, they are North ,South , East, and West.
Climate Weather patterns in an area usually experienced over a long period of time.
Compass Rose A navigational instrument; may include cardinal and intermediate directions
Continent One of the seven large landmasses of the earth.
Distortion A change in the accuracy of shapes, direction, or distances shown on maps.
Environment Our surroundings
Equator An imaginary latitude line located between the north and south poles at 0 degrees.
Geography The study of Earth and the people who live on it and how they use it.
Hemispheres Half of the Earth; there are four
Intermediate Directions Northeast; Southeast; Northwest;Southwest
Key/Legend The section of a map that explains the symbols for the map features
Latitude/Parallel Imaginary lines that go from east to west and are parallel to the equator. Line go east to west but measure north and south.
Longitude/Meridian Imaginary lines that run from the north pole to the south pole . Line go north to south but measure east and west.
Prime Meridian Imaginary line of longitude that runs from the north pole to the south pole at 0*
Region Areas that share similar characteristics
Relative location The approximate spot where something is located, usually compared to other places
Scale The size of an area on a map as compared with the area's actual size
Tropic of Cancer Imaginary line at 23.5 degrees north of the equator
Tropic of Capricorn Imaginary line at 23.5 degrees south of the equator
Arctic Circle 66.5 degrees north of the equator
Antarctic Circle 66.5 degrees south of the equator
Place An area that is defined by everything in it
Movement The way that people, products, information and ideas move from place to place
Human - Environment Interaction How people adapt to their environment and how they change it
Types of Maps Political, Physical, Topographical, Climate. Road Map, Thematic
Line Graph Shows changes over a period of time
Circle Graph Graph used to show parts to a whole. Uses 100%
Bar Graph Uses bars to compare quantities
Diagram Drawing showing steps in a process or parts of something
Climograph Shows precipitation and temperature over a period of time (climate)
Pictograph Use pictures or symbols to show comparisons
Charts Presents facts and numbers in rows or columns for easy references
Globe Spherical Model of the Earth
Elevation Height above sea level
Axis Vertical and horizontal lines on a graph
Grid System Network of lines that form latitude and longitude
GIS Computer software use to make maps
Physical Map Shows landform and water features
Political Map Shows names and boundaries of countries
North Pole 90 degrees north
South Pole 90 degrees south
Great Circle Route Geographers use this to show the shortest distance between to places.
Contour Map This map is used to show elevation
Population Density Average number of people living in a square mile
Created by: ssenior



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