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Physical Agents

Massage Techniques (PTA)

Name of TechniquePurposeHow to do itKey Word(s) to Associate w/
Effleurage produce mechanical & reflexive response light or deep stroke @ beginning & end of massage; should be directed toward heart toward heart
Friction reduce edema, loosen adhesions, relieve muscle spasm small circular motions over a trigger point or muscle spasm; commonly used with overuse injuries & chronic inflammation trigger point, m. spasm
Petrissage loosen adhesions, improve lymphatic return, facilitate removal of metabolic waste from treatment area kneading (muscle is squeezed & rolled under hands)...distal to proximal kneading, distal to proximal
Tapotement enhance circulation & stimulate peripheral nerve endings stimulation through rapid & alternating movements (tapping, hacking, cupping, slapping) rapid alternating movements
Vibration relaxation hands/fingers firmly over an area & using rapid shaking motion that causes vibration shaking
Created by: s1234