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Musculoskeletal

Types of Amputations - (PTA - Irongirl)

QuestionAnswer
Hemicorporectomy Removal of the pelvis and both lower extremities.
Hemipelvectomy Removal of one half of the pelvis and lower extremity.
Hip Disarticulation Removal of the lower extremity from the pelvis.
Transfemoral Removal of lower extremity above the knee joint.
Knee Disarticulation Removal through the knee joint.
Transtibial Removal of the lower extremity below the knee joint.
Symes Removal of the foot at the ankle joint w/removal of the malleoli.
Chopart's Disarticulation at the midtarsal joint.
Transmetatarsal Removal of the midsection of the metatarsals.
Where do you anchor wrap for a transfemoral amputee? Around Pelvis
Where do you anchor wrap for a transtibial amputee? Above the knee
What position do you promote for transtibial amputee? Full knee extension
What position do you promote for transfemoral amputee? Full hip extension
Do not wrap in what kind of pattern? Circular
What pattern should you use to wrap an amputee? Angular with pressure distally to enhance shaping.
What size wrap for transfemoral? 6 inch wrap
What size wrap for transtibial? 3-4 inch wrap
Type of Post-operative dressing; Allows early ambuulation, promotes circulation and healing, protection, soft tissue support, limits edema.
Type of Post-operative dressing; Reduces post-operative edema, soft tissue support, allows for earlier ambulation, easily changed.
Type of Post-operative dressing; Reduces post-operative edema, provide some protection, inexpensive, easily removed for wound inspection, allow active jt. ROM.
Created by: irongirl