Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

pharm test 1 part 2

Test 1 drugs- AE, PD, CNS stimulants lilk8tob

DrugInfo
phenobarbital- general class barbiturate
phenobarbital- used for prevention of grand mal seizures & fever-induced convulsions, hyperbilirubinemia in neonates, Gilbert syndrome
phenobarbital- other long-acting, rarely used as a sedative-hypnotic agent
tamazepam (Restoril)- general class benzodiazepines
tamazepam (Restoril)- used for for short-term treatment of insomnia
tamazepam (Restoril)- other not for narrow-angle glaucoma, preg X
zaleplon (Sonata)- general class benzodiazepines
zaleplon (Sonata) used for short term (up to 5 weeks) treatment of insomnia
zaleplon (Sonata)- other short acting nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic agent. However, its hypnotic effects do arise from chem. activity @ benzo-GABA receptor complex; very short half-life
zolpidem (Ambien)- general class benzodiazepines
zolpidem (Ambien) - used for short term (7-10 days) treatment of insomnia
zolpidem (Ambien)- other short acting, no active metabolites so have less grogginess next morning
baclofen (Lioresal)- general class muscle relaxant
baclofen (Lioresal)- used for spasticity
baclofen (Lioresal)- other central-acting
cyclobenzaprine (Flexaril) - general class muscle relaxant
cyclobenzaprine (Flexaril)- used for spasticity
cyclobenzaprine (Flexaril)- other central-acting; structurally and pharmacologically related to tricyclic antidepressants
choral hydrate (Noctec)- general class misc. CNS depressant
choral hydrate (Noctec)- used for sedative-hypnotic
choral hydrate (Noctec)- other does not suppress REM; low hangover effect from short duration of action; high doses cause dependence; take w/ alcohol=lose consciousness
tizanidine (Zanaflex)- general class misc. CNS depressant
tizanidine (Zanaflex)- used for decreases increased muscle tone associated with spasticity
tizanidine (Zanaflex)- other short-acting, centrally active alpha-adrenergic receptor agonist
List the 8 CNS depressant drugs: phenobarbital, Restoril, Sonata, Ambien, baclofen, Flexaril, choral hydrate, Zanaflex
carbamazepine (Tegretol)- general class AE
carbamazepine (Tegretol)- used for treatment of epilepsy in adults & children, trigeminal neuralgia, tonic-clonic seizures
carbamazepine (Tegretol)- other 2nd most prescribed AED, chemically related to tricyclics; undergoes autoinduction
gabapentin (Neurontin)- general class misc. AE
gabapentin (Neurontin)- used for an add-on agent for the treatment of partial seizures & partial seizures w/ secondary generalization in adults, also treats neuropathic pain
gabapentin (Neurontin)- other probably works by increasing the synthesis & accumulation between neurons in GABA
phenobarbital (Solfoton)- general class barbiturate- AE
phenobarbital (Solfoton)- used for controlling tonic-clonic and partial seizures; status epilepticus, convulsions
phenobarbital (Solfoton)- other SE: sedation, an "inducer" of hepatic enzymes; has longest half life (once a day dosing), cheapest AE
phenytoin (Dilantin)- general class AED
phenytoin (Dilantin)- used for first-line AED; tonic-clonic; psychomotor seizures
phenytoin (Dilanin)- other lethargy, abnormal movements, confusion, is highly protein bound & induces hepatic microsomal enzymes
valproic acid (Depakote)- general class AE
valproic acid (Depakote)- used for generalized seizures (absence, myoclonic, and tonic-clonic), partial seizures
valproic acid (Depakote)- other toxic to liver, weight gain, sleepy, gum hypertrophy
Serum level: carbamaxepine (Tegretol) 6-12 mcg/ml
serum level- valproic acid (Depakote) 50-100 mcg/ml
serum level- phentoin (Dilantin) 10-20 mcg/ml
levodopa-carbidopa (Sinemet)- general class antiparkinsonian - dopaminergic
levodopa-carbidopa (Sinemet)- used for replaces dopamine in parkinson's patients
levodopa-carbidopa (Sinemet)- other does not cross the BBB, but does prevent metabolism of levodopa to dopamine in the periphery, which limits peripheral dopamine-induced side effects; lower daily dose needed; limits on-off; do not take w/ MAOI's
selegiline (Eldepryl) -general class MAOI - antiparkinsonian
selegiline (Eldepryl)- uses parkinson's disease- decreases the amount of levodopa needed; exerts a neuroprotective effect when started early in therapy
selegiline (Eldepryl) - other an MAO-B inhibitor used as an adjuncitve agent along w/ levodopa to decrease the amount of levodopa needed
benztropine mesylate (Cogentin)- general class anticholinergic Antiparkinsonian
benztropine mesylate (Cogentin)- uses Parkinson's disease; drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms
methylphenidate hydrochloride (Ritalin)- general class CNS stimulant, amphetamine
methylphenidate hydrochloride (Ritalin)- uses treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy
list antiparkinsonian drugs (3) levodopa-carbidopa, selegiline, Cogentin
list CNS stimulant Ritalin
list AE drugs Tegretol, Neurontin, Solfoton, Dilantin, Depakote
Created by: lilk8tob