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Science Terms

Laws of Conversation Energy, Relationship between Potential and Kinetic Energy

Law of Conservation the law that states energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed from one form to another
Energy the capacity to do work
Work the transfer of energy to an object by using a force that causes the object to move in the direction of the force
Kinetic Energy the energy of an object that is due to the objects motion
Potential Energy the energy that an object has because of the position, shape, or condition of the object
Mechanical Energy the amount of work an object can do because of the objects kinetic and potential energy
Thermal Energy the kinetic energy of a substance'satoms
Heat the energy transferred between objects that are different temperatures
Chemical Energy the energy that is stored in chemical bonds
Electrical Energy the energy that results from the flow of moving charges
Electromagnetic Energy energy resulting from the motion of charged particles within atoms
Sound Energy energy given off by a vibrating object
Nuclear Energy the energy stored in the nucleus of an atom as a result of strong nuclear forces
Nuclear Fission the splitting of the nucleus of a large atom to two or more fragments; releases additional neutrons and energy
Nuclear Fusion the combination of the nuclei of small atoms to form a larger nucleus; releases energy
ç˙˙çTemperature a measure of how hot or cold something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of an object
Conduction the transfer of heat by direct contact of particles
Convection he transfer of thermal energy by the circulation of movement of a liquid or a gas
Radiation the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves
Created by: Jakiyah1