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APT 400 Chapter 11

Exam 2

QuestionAnswer
leadership (as process) the use of noncoercive influence to direct and coordinate the activities of group members to meet a goal.
leadership (as property) the set of characteristics attributed to those who are perceived to use such influence successfully.
Influence a common element of both perspectives, is the ability to affect the perceptions, beliefs, attitudes, motivation, and/or behaviors of others.
trait approach (to leadership) Attempted to identify stable and enduring character traits that differentiated effective leaders from nonleaders
job-centered leader behavior Involves paying close attention to the work of subordinates, explaining work procedures, and demonstrating a strong interest in performance
employee-centered leader behavior Involves attempting to build effective work groups with high performance goals
Ohio State leadership studies Defined leader consideration and initiating-structure behaviors as independent dimensions of leadership
consideration behavior Involves being concerned with subordinates’ feelings and respecting subordinates’ ideas
initiating-structure behavior Involves clearly defining the leader-subordinate roles so that subordinates know what is expected of them
LPC theory of leadership Suggests that a leader’s effectiveness depends on the situation
least-preferred coworker (LPC) Scale presumed to measure a leader’s motivation
path-goal theory of leadership Suggests that effective leaders clarify the paths (behaviors) that will lead to desired rewards (goals)
Leader Behaviors directive, supportive, participative, and achievement-oriented.
Vroom’s decision tree approach (to leadership) Attempts to prescribe how much participation subordinates should be allowed in making decisions
Created by: towilliamsjr