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Physical Science

TermDefinition
Energy The capacity to work.
Work The transfer of energy to an object by using a force that causes the object to move in the direction of the force
Kinetic Energy The energy of an object that is due to the object's motion.
Potential Energy The energy that an object has because of the position, shape, or condition of the object.
Mechanical Energy The amount of work an object can do because of the object's kinetic and potential energies.
Thermal Energy The kinetic energy of a substance's atoms.
Heat The energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures.
Chemical Energy The energy that is stored in chemical bonds.
Electrical Energy The energy that results from the flow of moving charges.
Electromagnetic Energy Energy resulting from the motion of the charged particles within atoms.
Sound Energy Energy given off by a vibrating object.
Nuclear Energy The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom as a result of a strong nuclear forces.
Nuclear Fission The splitting of the nucleus of a large atom to two or more fragments; releases additional neutrons and energy.
Nuclear Fusion The combination of the nuclei of small atoms to form a larger nucleus; releases energy.
Temperature A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of an object.
Conduction The transfer of heat by direct contact of particles.
Convection The transfer of thermal energy by the circulation of movement of a liquid or a gas.
Radiation The transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves.
Created by: Catwoman 3