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test n measures

ROM (goniometry) MMT, SPECIAL TESTS (shoulder, elbow, arm, wrist)

laying on back; axis (acromion process) , stationary arm (mid -axillary line of thorax), moving arm (lateral midline of humerus ) lateral epicondyle reference shoulder flexion
face down, axis (acromion process), stationary arm (mid-axillary line of humerus), moving arm (midline to humerus) lateral epicondyle reference shoulder extension
laying on back; axis (acromial process), stationary arm (parallel to sternum), moving arm (midline to humerus) with arm in a Y shoulder abduction
laying on back; axis (olecranon process), stationary arm (perpendicular to floor), moving arm (ulnar styloid process) with arm forward shoulder IR
laying on back; axis( olecranon process), stationary arm (perpendicular to floor), moving arm (ulnar styloid process) with arm back shoulder ER
130 degrees horizontal adduction
45 degrees horizontal abduction
90 degrees external rotation
70-90 degrees internal rotation
180 degrees flexion of shoulder
120 degrees GH flexion
50-60 degrees extension of shoulder
20 degrees GH extension
170-180 degrees abduction of shoulder
90-120 degrees GH abduction
return to 0 adduction
plane Galway between flexion and abduction; not measured through goniometry and MMT scaption
IR of shoulder; unable to put hands behind head and fully abduct shoulder is? tight pectoralis major/minor
thoracic spine affects shoulder
stabilization of the scapula so scapular-humeral can work at GHJ is what kind of test? Scapulothoracic muscle testing
leading to a decrease subacromial space and possible impingement syndrome is ? weak Scapulothoracic muscles
decrease shoulder horizontal adduction is tight RTC and posterior deltoid
AC ligament, GH ligament, coracoclavicular ligament, coracoacromial ligament stabilize what joint? GH joint
normal end feel for what joint? GH joint
3 degrees in freedom and can rotate in IR/ ER, abduction/ adduction, flexion/ extension , horizontal abduction/ adduction . what joint is this? GH joint
ER > abd >IR capsular pattern
3 degrees of freedom and can rotate elevation/ depression, protraction/ retraction, anterior/ posterior. what joint is this? sternoclavicular joint
SCligament, costoclavicular ligament, intraclavicular ligament stabilizes what joint? sternoclavicular joint
contains a fibrocartilaginous disc surrounded by weak joint capsule. what joint is this? ACJ
stabilized by AC ligaments and coracoclavicular ligament . what joint is this? ACJ
A combination of SCJ and ACJ motion. what joint is this ? Scapulothoracic joint
elevation/ depression, abduction/ adduction, downward / upward rotation are all motions for what joint? Scapulothoracic joint
these motions (IR / ER , anterior/posterior tilting, protraction /retraction, winging) are what kind of joint? Scapulothoracic joint
patient pushes into wall with UE straight. what is the examiner looking for? winging
Injury to the thoracic nerve . what joint does this affect? Scapulothoracic joint
for every GH movement of 2, then Scapulothoracic articulation has to be one. what is this called? Scapulothoracic rhythem
full ROM w/ max resistance (AG) is what grade? 5-normal
full ROM w/ moderate resistance (AG) is what grade? 4- good
full ROM w/ no resistance (AG) is what grade? 3- fair
full ROM (GE) is what grade? 2-poor
no ROM (palpable or visible movement of muscle) is what grade? 1- trace
always compare left and right. This special test you place your hand to scratch your back at the top (palm down) and middle of back (palm out). bilateral increase or decrease ROM is normal. what test is this? Apely's Scatch Test
a positive finding for shoulder pain and apprehension indicates shoulder impingement (structures approximate coracoacromial ligament or acromion , particularly of the supraspinatus and LHB. what special test is this? Neer's Impingement Test
a positive finding for shoulder pain and apprehension indicate shoulder impingement (reduced subacromial space) particularly of supraspinatus. what special test is this? Hawkins-Kennedy Impingement Test
positive finding for superior shoulder pain (ACJ pathology ), anterior shoulder pain (subscaplaris, supraspinatus , and or LHB pathology, posterior shoulder pain (infraspinatus, teres minor, and or posterior capsule pathology. what special test is this Cross - Over Impingement Test
the funky chicken arm position . what special test is this? Hawkins-Kennedy impingement Test
thumb down straight up in the air. what special test is this? Neer's Impingement Test
one arm hug test. what tests this? Cross-Over Impingement Test
a positive finding when patient unable to slowly return arm to side and or has significant pain during the attempt indictating a RTC tear. what special test is this? Drop Arm Test
a positive finding for shoulder pain and or weakness indicates involvement ( RTC tear , tendinopathy) of supraspinatus muscle and or tendon. arms in a Y with thumbs down or thumbs up in mid arm. compression on forearms. what is this special test? Empty can/ Full can Test
a positive finding for pain in the bicipital groove indicating bicipital tendiinopathy . this tests for biceps involvement. a pulling and resisting of the forearm .what test is this? Yeygason's Test
a tear that occurs where the biceps tendon anchors to the labrum. what kind of tear is this SLAP Tear
Superior Labral Anterior Posterior stands for what kind of labral lesion tear? SLAP Tear
Grind, Clunk, O' Brisen (active compression tes) are what kinds of test? Labral Lesions Tear Test
TUBS stands for what? Traumatic Unilateral Bankart Surgery
AMBRI stands for what? A Tramatic Multidirectional Bilateral Rehab Inferior Shaft
Apprehension, Jobe Relocation, Anterior Drawer, and ACJ Compression (Shear) Test are tests for what? instability
the most common site of compression? interscalene triangle
costoclavicular triangle and subcoracoid space are other sites for ? compression
compression of brachial plexus trunks and or subclavian artery can cause vascular and or nerulogical symptoms. what test tests for this syndrome ? Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Adson's Maneuver, Allen's, and Roos test test for what type of syndrome? Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
140- 150 degrees elbow flexion
0 degrees elbow extension
80 degrees elbow pronation
80 degrees elbow supination
thumbs up neutral
biceps tendon, brachial artery and median nerve are located in what fossa? antecubital fossa
does everyone have a palmaris longus muscle? no
increased angle is what? cubitus valgus
decreased angle is what? cubitus varus
what is the carrying angle values for men and women? men (10-15) and women (20-25)
lay on back, arm (elbow) straight or bent; axis (lateral epicondyle of humerus), stationary arm (lateral midline of humerus) acromion process reference, moving arm (lateral midline of radius) radial head and styloid process reference. what ROM is this? extension and flexion of elbow
sitting in chair with a pen in hand. axis (ulnar styloid process ), stationary arm (parallel to humerus), moving arm (parallel to radial and ulnar styloid process). what are you measuring? supination and pronation
hand placement on the shoulder and wrist while arm is bent is testing for what? elbow flexion
sitting down; palm down and arm straight. PTA has one hand under forearm and hand on wirst pulling . what is this test? elbow extention
elbow bent in air while PTA holds it. this position did what ? eliminate gravity in elbow extention
muscle that is elongated is said to be? passive insufficiency
muscle that is contracted is said to be? active insufficiency
prime mover is the? agonist
against the prime mover is the? antagonist
who helps the agonist? synergist
a degree to which an instrument measures what it says it measures is called ? validity
consistency between measurements on same subject unders same conditions is called what? reliability
movement that occurs at the joint is called? ROM
amount of movement the patient voluntarily moves the body part through without any external assistance is called ? AROM
amount of movement that a PTA moves the body part through without any assistance from patient is called? PROM
normal anatomy of joint stops is called a ? normal end feel
a decrease or increase in ROM or normal ROM and other structures stop pint movement is called a? abnormal end feel
movement of joint surfaces (glides, spin and rolls) discribes what type of movement ? arthrokinematic movement
saggital, frontal, transverse describe what kind of movement ? osteokinematic movement
elbow is what kind of joint? hinge
radius is what kind of joint? pivot
knee is what kind of joint? condyloid
wrist is what kind of joint? ellipsoid
the thumb is what kind of joint? saddle
the hip is what kind of joint? ball n socket
the 4th and 5th finger are what kind of joint? plane
a positive finding for pain along lateral epicondyle region or objective muscle weakness as a result of complaints of discomfort may incicate lateral epicondylitis . Cozen ( Resistive Tennis Elbow) Test
wrist palmar flexed , elbow held in extention, and a positive finding of pain at lateral epicondyle may indicate lateral epicondylitis . this test is called ? Passive Tennis Elbow Test
complaints of discomfort along the medial elbow may indicate medal epicondylitis . this test is called ? Golfer's Elbow Test
a positive finding for radiating pain in median nerve distribution on patients arms or hands is a test for ? elbow flexion
a positive finding for lateral elbow pain and or increased movement with a diminished or absent endpoint indicates damage to lateral collateral ligament (radius). what test is appropriate for this? Varus Test (LCL)
a positive finding for medial elbow pain and or increased movement with diminished or absent indicates damage to medial collateral ligament (median). what is the appropriate test for this? Valgus Test (MCL)
60-80 degrees wrist flexion
60-70 degree wrist extension
20 degrees radial deviation
30 degrees ulnar deviation
hand flexed to ground . axis (triquetrum ), stationary arm (midline of ulna ) olecranon and ulnar styloid process reference , moving arm ( midline of 5th MC). wrist pointed to floor or wrist clawed. what test is this? wrist flexion and extension
a positive finding for a delay or absence of flushing of radial or ulnar half of hand and fingers is indicated of partial or complete occlusion of the radius or ulnar arteries. what test is this? Digital Allens Test
a positive finding for a patient 3rd MC is level with the 2nd and 4th MC's . what does this test indicate and the name of the test? lunate dislocation ( Murphy's Sign)
complaints of tingling , parenthesis, or pain by patient in median nerve distribution . may indicate median nerve compression in carpal tunnel or CTS. Palm up tapping on the tunnel. what test is appropriate for this? Tinel's Test
numbness / tingling in median nerve distribution of fingers indicate CTS secondary to median nerve depression. hands in upside praying and praying hands. what is the appropriate test for this? Palen's and Reverse Palen's
a positive finding for pain at the site of injury indicates a fracture . this causes vibration of tapping along axis of bone and will agitate pain at the fracture site by tapping the finger. what test is appropriate for this? Tap/ Percussion Test
a positive finding for pain over the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons distialy is an indicationo of De Quervain's Tenosynovitis.. this test you have to put your thumb in your fist .what test is appropriate ? Finelstein Test
ulnocarpal , ulnar collateral , radial collateral, palmar radiocarpal collateral , dorsal radiocarpal are all ligaments for the? wrist and hand
the scaphoid bone is part of the ________ for the anatomical snuffbox ? floor
the extensor pollicis longus is part of the_______ for the anatomical snuffbox ? roof
the extensor pollicis brevis and abductor pollicis longus tendons are the ______ of the anatomical snuffbox ? bottom
scaphoid bone , radial artery, radial nerve, are all included in what box? anatomical snuffbox
abductor pollicis brevis, flexor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis are all apart of what eminence? Thenar eminence
flexor digit minimi and abductor digiti minmin are both part of what eminence? Hypothenar eminence
thenar eminence, hypothenar eminence, palmar interossei , dorsal interossei and lumbricals are all _________ muscles? intrinsic muscles
this test measures a variety of pinch grips? pinch dynamometer
this test is adjustable to 5 positions and can be read by grip strength in lbs or kg. what test is this? hand dynamometer
Chuck, Lateral, and Thumb- index are all test to test for ? Functional hand strength
MCP flexion is_____ degrees 90
MCP extension is _______ degrees 20-45
PIP flexion is ______ degrees 100
PIP extension is _____ degrees 0
DIP flexion is _______ degrees 70-90
DIP extention is ______ degrees 0
CMC abduction is ______ degrees 70
CMC flexion is ______ degrees 15
CMC extension is _______ degrees 20-35
MCP flexion is ______ degrees 50-60
MCP extention is_______ degrees 0-40
Thumb IP flexion is______ degrees 80
Thumb IP extension is______ degrees 20-30
flexor carpi radialis and flexor carpi ulnaris are _______ movers primary
extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis and extensor carpi ulnaris are used for wrist__________ extension
when you push fingers together is finger______ Abduction
when you pull fingers apart is finger______ Adduction
when your held at the wrist and fingers are in a claw formation. the MP is pushed down by PTA. this is called finger MP ______ extension
when fingers are in a bye motion and all but the MP of index finger are bent back. this is finger MP ______ flexion
when hand is is palmar side up . PiP is pinched at the sides therefore bending DIP back towards the palm. what finger DIP and PiP is this? flexion
hand is down. axis (dorsal MCP joint), stationary arm (dorsal midline of MCP), moving arm (dorsal midline of proximal phalanx) is a test for finger MCP _____ abduction
a finger hook position. axis (dorsal PIP joint), stationary arm (dorsal midline to phalanx), moving arm (dorsal midline of distal phalanx) with goniometry is finger PIP at top is _________ and ________ flexion and extension
a finger hook position . axis (dorsal PIP joint), stationary arm ( dorsal midline to phalanx), moving arm (dorsal midline of distal phalanx) with goniometry is finger DIP at bottom is ______ and ________ flexion and extension
a positive finding for tingling along ulnar distribution of fore arm , hand, and fingers when when tapping the groove betweem medial epicondyle and olecranon process. this test is called Tinsel Sign
Palm down. axis ( dorsal wrist-capitate), stationary arm (dorsal midline of forearm) lateral epicondyle of humerus reference , moving arm dorsal midline of 3rd MC with hand slanted to right or left. this test uses goniometry to measure for ? ulnar or radial deviation
hand bent down or up to measure wrist. axis (triquetrum ), stationary arm ( midline of ulna) olecranon process and styloid process for reference , moving arm ( lateral midline of 5 th MC) This test is for wrist ______ and __________ flexion and extension
when grading wrist ______. the wrist is in supination and pulled toward PTA while patient resists it. to elimate gravity place hand on table, grab wrist to see motion forwards. flexion
wrist is in pronation. PTA pulls down on fist toward them . to elimate gravity, place wrist on table grab wrist and watch motion of backwards. this test is for wrist________ extention
Created by: Shannon10